8.1. EARTHLING BASIC VARIABLE

PICTURE: EARTH FROM ONE MILLION MILES AWAY, NASA

For all tenses, this is always the first element in the verb pattern to change with the time extent (PRESENT, PAST, or FUTURE). It changes the same in our Fields of Time. We can say that it is the form closest to our cognitive ground. It changes the same for our value ON.

6.5. THE TARGET TIME AND FRAME

We have our time frames for our guidance. Overall, we can choose between the Simple and the Perfect, in the PAST time compass. We are about to think on talking about feelings and minds. Chantelle’s first book tells about a girl’s language of the heart. Art Veltall is thinking about a job change. Contending his mother-in-law yet resembles trying verbally to captivate a moving rock …

6.4. MORE GRAMMAR AND WORD PRACTICE

Grammar exercises can "buy" us some luck at tests and exams — here we have some more of our grammar "good luck boutique", and good American does not have to be grave serious. More→
Emoticon, a smile

6.3. EXERCISES: THE ASPECT AND THE TIME FRAME

PICTURE: CAMILLE PISSARRO, BOULEVARD MONTMARTRE, MORNING, CLOUDY WEATHER

Mind practice for the Aspect and the time frame.
2. The skylark found nothing to outbid the bit of cosmos with a squid.
8. The spotted redshank bachelorette did reset her buret for the bouncing bet. More→
Joke emoticon

6.2. GRAMMAR COGNITIVE GROUND

Isolated word form, whether auditory or visual, is not enough to convey language information. We can work our time frames only in context.

CHAPTER 6. WE CAN CHOOSE OUR PATHS ABOUT TIME

There are no universal principles for choosing between the Present Perfect and the Past Simple. We may learn many classic rules, yet the truth is going to be that we need own resolves in context. An idea as a time frame can help. More→