6.5. THE TARGET TIME AND FRAME

Exercise 37. We have our time frames for our guidance. We choose between the Simple and the Perfect, in the PAST: we shape the verb and give the arrow cue along with the mapping value.

Language allows seeking inspiration in words. Let it be a simple chair this time. We may do the exercise in our thoughts, as in the ■→MIND PRACTICE.

Example: His parents (give up) on kindergarten. When Ms. Duncan (suggest) playing the musical chairs, Art (throw) in three left hand gloves. One of them (belong) to Ms. Duncan.

Answer: {ON}; His parents gave up on kindergarten. When Ms. Duncan suggested playing the musical chairs, Art threw in three left hand gloves. One of them belonged to Ms. Duncan.

1. Despite the early predilection for challenge, he (choose) himself a chairborne job. The place (have) └┘ a requirement. It (allow) one person exactly.

2. Originally, he never (expect) of a woman to fill the chair. He (change) his mind at about 26, when he (notice) the strategy almost (reduce) └┘ him to his local club armchair, for dialogue. He (speak) with Jin, to extend his trade.

3. He (marry) her summer next. They (spend) their countryside honeymoon mostly bringing the chairs from the garden. His friend Jalen (persuade) him to go on a vacation, in a better weather. They (take) Amtrak to journey. Art and Jin first (meet) in a parlor car. Face to face with their notebooks, they (realize) they were almost chatting with each other over the Unlimited (!)

4. Eva, his mother-in-law, (love) to say you should never let predecessors set the measure for your chair. Art (have) a reservation. Own job always (be) └┘ by principle to be own.

5. Ms. Seges (be) └┘ a woman of resolve, throughout her life, and (know) how to talk table and chairs. Incontrovertibility (belong) with the Seges family ethos. She yet (agree) it was own work to have given her the walnut bobbin chairs.


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Exercise 38. Please tell the time frames and mapping values (ON, IN, or TO), along with the grammatical time (PRESENT, PAST, or FUTURE).

Example: Her father (1. be) a nibmeister. She (2. have) a clear taste for good quality since she (3. be) a little girl.

Answer (minds first or solely):
(1) was, {ON} PAST;
(2) └┘ has had, {TO} PRESENT;
(3) was, {ON} PAST.

A. In her early teens, she (4. make) a miniature book. It (5. be) three inches square.

B. She (6. keep) it for her phrase book. She still (7. happen) to add to it, though she (8. make) many more such books.

C. A young girl, she (9. put) her miniature book in her jacket pocket and (10. go) to sit by the river. Whenever a phrase (11. come) to her mind, she (12. write) it in with her special fountain pen.

D. Her handwriting (13. change) a little, since then. By and large, she (14. adjust) her letters to the size of her note book. One day, she (15. engross) her future husband’s name. The name (16. remain) the only word to take a page entire, out of alphabetical order.

E. Chantelle (17. have) a collection of pens. Her favored inkwells (18. be) glass, silver, and pewter. Her first print book (19. tell) about a girl’s language of the heart.

Miniature books belong with arts. Their scopes may be the same as of standard volumes. They are smaller because they are miniaturized. Chantelle’s miniature book is one of the biggest sizes ― it is three inches.

Exercise 39. Please make own story (as in Mind Practice as well), about your life, to use open and closed time frames as in exercises 37 and 38.

FROM THE KEY:
Example (16) in exercise 38 might also use the Perfect pattern, “the name has remained”: there are no strict rules to manage in context; for own resolve (the Perfect emphasizes the time span), feel welcome to compare ■→SUBCHAPTER 6.1.

Amtrak Unlimited is a forum for Amtrak passengers.

How do we interpret words as incontrovertibility, also if our dictionary does not have them? Just browsing and reading dictionaries, we might get even surprised with how much word build we remember and “intuitively” use.

The ■→AMERICAN HERITAGE online will explain the sense of the verb to con•tro•vert as “to raise arguments against; voice opposition to”. The verb derives from the noun controversy, which consists of the particles contro– and versus.

Contro– as well as contra– can connote “against, opposite, contrasting”. With the particle con–, the particle in– does not work in senses as “into” or “within”.

The website here also has a ■→GRAPEVINE to hear through (we can learn to speak with songs too; I learned much after ■→PAUL ANKA):

Grapevine: Word natures

The song was as if the guy believed there could be one love for everyone to feel. John said he’d never condescend to such total-it-arian-ism on emotion. He checked out and found Johnny Cash singing it, but that sounded different. ■→More

Feel welcome to further journey: ■→CHAPTER 7. TIME IN THE HEART AND MIND

■→This text is also available in Polish.


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The world may never have seen her original handwriting, if her skill was taken for supernatural. Feel welcome to Poems by Emily Dickinson prepared for print by Teresa Pelka: thematic stanzas, notes on the Greek and Latin inspiration, the correlative with Webster 1828, and the Aristotelian motif, Things perpetual — these are not in time, but in eternity.
■→Free access, Internet Archive
Electronic format $2.99
■→E-pub | NOOK Book | Kindle
Soft cover, 260 pages, $16.89
■→Amazon | Barnes & Noble
Hard cover, 260 pages
■→Barnes & Noble | Lulu

PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, LINGUISTICS,
& TRANSLATION


■→teresapelka.com
■→teresapelka-in-polish.com

Internet Archive, the free text and image repository

■→Feel welcome to use the materials in my account
The posters are available to shop online as well.