3.3. THE BIG CHART FOR THREE PERSONS AND PATHS

Let us put together the Simple, Progressive, and the Perfect, with all personal pronouns and in all three fields of time. We can begin with making verb phrases for the FUTURE, the head verb to be to learn.

THE SIMPLE
learn
(I, you, we, they, he, she, it)

THE PROGRESSIVE
will be learning
(I, you, we, they, he, she, it)

THE PERFECT
will have learned
(I, you, we, they, he, she, it)

NOTES
In the FUTURE Field, the verb phrase remains the same for all grammatical persons, in all three Aspects, the Simple, Progressive, and the Perfect; all forms take on the auxiliary WILL. Let us try the regular word order for the PRESENT.

THE SIMPLE
I, you, we, they learn
he, she, it learns

THE PROGRESSIVE
I am learning
you, we, they are learning
he, she, it is learning

THE PERFECT
I, you, we, they have learned
he, she, it has learned

NOTES
The feature —s keeps company to the third person singular, he, she, it. We have forms as learns, is learning, and has learned.


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THE SIMPLE
learned
(I, you, we, they, he, she it)

THE PROGRESSIVE
I, he, she, it was learning
you, we, they were learning

THE PERFECT
had learned
(I, you, we, they, he, she it)

The verb form “learned” is the same shape for the Simple, where it is the 2ND form, and for the Perfect, where it is the 3RD form. In all regular verbs, the 2ND or 3RD forms do not vary.

Before we reckon how to use the forms, let us practice their build:
■→3.4. PRACTICE FOR THE SHAPE OF TIME.

■→This text is also available in Polish.


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