3.3. THE BIG CHART FOR THREE PERSONS AND PATHS

We need to make own syntax independently. It is not going to work, if we try to repeat it from memory.

 

APPENDIX 4 shows all grammatical tense patterns there are to affirm, negate, or ask questions.
BUTTON, APPENDIX 4: ALL TENSES IN FORMS THAT AFFIRM, NEGATE, OR ASK QUESTIONS

 

We can acquire the patterns, if we focus on the language form strictly.
We can use virtual words. The color code can help tell verb head and auxiliary roles.

BUTTON: SEE THE COLOR CODE AND VIRTUAL WORDS

Let us picture the Simple, Progressive, and the Perfect with all personal pronouns.

 

We use our virtual verb “bimo”, to give all our focus to form and syntax. We have a closer look at auxiliaries. We always keep them green.

VISUALS: THE FIELD FOR THE GRAMMATICAL FUTURE

THE SIMPLE

will bimo
(I, you, we, they, he, she, it)

 

THE PROGRESSIVE

will be bimoing
(I, you, we, they, he, she, it)

 

THE PERFECT

will have bimoed
(I, you, we, they, he, she, it)

 

NOTES

Our verbal forms do not change for the grammatical person, in the FUTURE Field. All Aspects, the Simple, Progressive, and the Perfect, take on the auxiliary WILL.

VISUALS: THE FIELD FOR THE GRAMMATICAL PRESENT

THE SIMPLE

I, you, we, they bimo
he, she, it bimoes

 

THE PROGRESSIVE

I am bimoing
you, we, they are bimoing
he, she, it is bimoing

 

THE PERFECT

I, you, we, they have bimoed
he, she, it has bimoed

 

NOTES

The feature S keeps company to the third person singular, he, she, it. We have the forms bimoes, is bimoing, and has bimoed.

VISUALS, THE FIELD FOR THE GRAMMATICAL PAST

THE SIMPLE

bimoed
(I, you, we, they, he, she it)

 

THE PROGRESSIVE

I, he, she, it was bimoing
you, we, they were bimoing

 

THE PERFECT

had bimoed
(I, you, we, they, he, she it)

 

NOTES

The feature S remains with the Past Progressive singular, for the 1st and 3rd persons: I, he, she, it was bimoing.

 

Our virtual BIMOED looks the same for the Simple, where it is the 2ND form, and the Perfect, where it is the 3RD form. The matter is going to be the same with all regular verbs.

 

We tell 2ND or 3RD forms by the syntax, by the way we put words together.

 

If our syntax has the auxiliary HAVE, we use the 3RD form, for the FUTURE, PRESENT, as well as the PAST.

 

The PAST Simple pattern uses the 2ND form of the head verb.

 

We know patterns, when we know how to use them. CHAPTER 4 has a picture for this.

 

CHAPTER 4. SIMPLE, PROGRESSIVE, AND PERFECT WITH MAPPING VALUES

 

We also can practice the forms a little, before we think about further grammar guidance.

3.4. ASPECT PATTERNS IN EXERCISES
LINK 3.4. ASPECT PATTERNS IN EXERCISES

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LINK: READ THIS IN A SLAVIC LANGUAGE, POLISH

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