3.3. THE BIG CHART FOR THREE PERSONS AND PATHS

We could have only very little reason, to memorize syntax. We may have a peek at APPENDIX 4, and be certain we need to make syntax, not repeat it from memory.

 

The notes here are to help, and if we expect they should be lengthy, this is how big should be enough.

EMOTICON: SMILE

Let us picture the Simple, Progressive, and the Perfect with all personal pronouns. We use our virtual verb “bimo”, to give all our focus to form and syntax. We have a closer look at auxiliaries. We always keep them green. Please mind our color code and observations.

LINK: THE COLOR CODE AND VIRTUAL WORDS

PICTURE: THE FUTURE FIELD OF TIME

THE SIMPLE

will bimo
(I, you, we, they, he, she, it)

 

THE PROGRESSIVE

will be bimoing
(I, you, we, they, he, she, it)

 

THE PERFECT

will have bimoed
(I, you, we, they, he, she, it)

 

NOTES

Our verbal forms do not change for the grammatical person, in the FUTURE Field. All Aspects, the Simple, Progressive, and the Perfect, take on the auxiliary WILL.

PICTURE: THE PRESENT FIELD OF TIME

THE SIMPLE

I, you, we, they bimo
he, she, it bimoes

 

THE PROGRESSIVE

I am bimoing
you, we, they are bimoing
he, she, it is bimoing

 

THE PERFECT

I, you, we, they have bimoed
he, she, it has bimoed

 

NOTES

The feature S keeps company to the third person singular, he, she, it. We have the forms bimoes, is bimoing, and has bimoed.

PICTURE: THE PAST FIELD OF TIME

THE SIMPLE

bimoed
(I, you, we, they, he, she it)

 

THE PROGRESSIVE

I, he, she, it was bimoing
you, we, they were bimoing

 

THE PERFECT

had bimoed
(I, you, we, they, he, she it)

 

NOTES

The feature S remains with the Past Progressive singular, for the 1st and 3rd persons: I, he, she, it was bimoing.

 

Our virtual BIMOED looks the same for the Simple, where it is the 2ND form, and the Perfect, where it is the 3RD form. The matter is going to be the same with all regular verbs.

 

We tell 2ND or 3RD forms by the syntax, by the way we put words together.

 

If our syntax has the auxiliary HAVE, we use the 3RD form, for the FUTURE, PRESENT, as well as the PAST.

 

The PAST Simple pattern uses the 2ND form of the head verb.

 

We know patterns, when we know how to use them. Chapter 4 has a picture for this.

 

LINK: CHAPTER 4. THE SIMPLE, PROGRESSIVE, AND PERFECT, WITH VALUES

 

We also can practice the forms a little, before we think about further grammar guidance.

3.4. PRACTICE
LINK: 3.4. PRACTICE FOR THE CHARACTER AND TIME

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LINK: READ THIS IN A SLAVIC LANGUAGE, POLISH

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