10.3. Workout for real-time talk

Envisioning language study as travel in a dimension, we could think about virtual words as guarding us against steep slopes. Let us warm up.


Exercise 60. We practice targeting time extents. We can use another virtual word, thimo. We can give it the gillyflower color, as for bimo. We may abandon the invention later. Our thimo has the sound “th” (ɵ). Learners happen to substitute or mistake it for other speech sounds.


Link to the color code and virtual words


We can practice our tongues. We may pronounce bimo [bImoU], with the tip of the tongue pressed against our lower teeth. Then, we can try phimo [fImoU], with the tip of the tongue against the lower teeth, still. Keeping our tongues firm at lower teeth may take conscious control.



After, we can say thimo [ɵImoU], with the tip of the tongue at the upper teeth. We do not press the tongue against the teeth. We let a little air between.


This can help us become more aware and in control of our tongues.




Virtual words can help focus on syntax. We can do the exercise only in our thought. Even if we choose to write, we remember to conceptualize, as in the mind practice of chapter 1.2. We regard our linguistic Form Relativity.


Example: If you thimoed, you bimoed.
future-simple-arrow(The forms “thimoed” and “bimoed” show there is no form relativity.
The cue shows our target grammatical time is the FUTURE.)


Answer: If you WILL thimo, you WILL bimo.


1. If you thimo, you bimo.


2. If you WERE ABLE TO thimo, you WERE ABLE TO bimo.present-simple-arrow


3. If you thimoed, you WOULD bimo.past-simple-arrow


4. If you HAD thimoed, you WOULD have bimoed.future-simple-arrow


5. If you thimo, you WILL bimo.past-simple-arrow


6. If you thimoed, you WOULD bimo.future-simple-arrow


7. If you HAD thimoed, you WOULD have bimoed.present-simple-arrow


8. If you thimo, you WILL bimo.present-simple-arrow


Exercise 61. Let us try “jumping” time extents as in exercise 55 and regard Expression. We provide the arrow cues for the target grammatical time. Our “jumping” symbols are,


extent-forward“One time extent forward”


extent-backward“One time extent backward”.


Let us mind to say “thimo”: if we want to thank someone, we’d better not tank him or her. We may compare a few more examples: than (a comparative), tan (brown skin color to result from sunbathing), these (a demonstrative), tease (to irritate), thin (not thick, heavy, or broad), tin (a metal).


Let us try to think about language information pools more: we do not rigorously follow syntax; we try to be flexible.




In questions, we can ask about the result first.


Example: If you (PREMISE) thimoed, you (RESULT or CONSEQUENT) bimoed. {?}


Answer: DID you bimo, if you thimoed?


We are going to preserve the language information, asking about the premise first, as well.


Example: If you (PREMISE) thimoed, you (RESULT or CONSEQUENT) bimoed. {?}


Answer: DID you thimo, if you bimoed?


We can be specific about our Interrogative Expression and place the question mark. We can start using our cues and symbols.


Example: If you thimoed {?}, you bimoed.


Answer: DO you thimo, if you bimo?


Example: If you thimoed, you bimoed {?}


Answer: If you thimo, DO you bimo?


We can place the letter N for our Negative Expression specifics.


Example: If you thimoed {N}, you bimoed.


Answer: If you DON’T thimo, you bimo.


Example: If you thimoed {N}, you bimoed {N}.


Answer: If you DON’T thimo, you DON’T bimo.


Example: If you thimoed, you bimoed {N}.


Answer: If you thimo, you DON’T bimo.





1. If you thimoed, you bimoed {?}extent-backward


2. If you thimo {N}, you bimo.extent-forward


3. If you thimoed, you WOULD bimo {?}extent-forward


4. If you HAD thimoed, you WOULD HAVE bimoed {N}.extent-forward


5. If you thimo, you WILL bimo {N}.extent-backward


6. If you thimoed, you WOULD bimo.extent-backward


7. If you HAD thimoed, you WOULD HAVE bimoed {?}extent-forward


8. If you thimo, you WILL bimo {?}extent-backward


9. If you thimoed {N}, you WOULD bimo.extent-backward


10. If you HAD thimoed {N}, you WOULD HAVE bimoed {?}extent-forward


Exercise 62. We can use Form Relativity with the Progressive. Let us try real verbs and remember about our proper egoism (compare subchapter 8.1., the earthling basic variable).


We may combine language features. Unlike in real life, the exercise provides brief stretches of language and mapping aspects. Unlike in real life, we can take as long as we care and we never need to feel stressed. As in real life, we may think about the examples as a story.


We can be back with someone we met in exercise 37. Ms. Seges also appeared in Part One of our grammar course. We did not get to know her name then. We were learning about personal pronouns. If we have read the note for exercise 56 in the key (and in subchapter 9.4., Modal relativity practice), we know that “we” can be a personally neutral figure of speech (I do not presume you remember all detail).


Ms. Seges no bckgr


The same note mentions figurative thinking. We do not claim our story to be true. We can imagine Ms. Seges is home, in her study. Mr. Seges ― we never met him yet ― returns from a literary meeting.


“Honey, I’m back. What are you doing?”


I’d be reading horoscopes.” (Ms. Seges never reads horoscopes.)


“That is …?” (Mr. Seges does not believe Ms. Seges would ever read horoscopes.)


“This looks like a calligraphic copy of Vespucci’s letters. It was slipping out of our backyard hedge, no covers or front matter.”


Hadn’t it sure taken a lot to make such a book, I’d suspect that Babbitt next door. Bill once wrote me the book I was looking for was as likely to be obtained as a calligraphic of Vespucci’s originals. It was completely a legend, he checked with the Freeman’s.”


“About legends, my favorite Chicago blend is . . .”


“Honey, I would have remembered about the coffee; but I was so preoccupied…”


“I’m putting that with my records. The coffee is not completely a legend. It exists somewhere in Chicago.”__Smiley joke PNG




Let us mind our rich text interpretation, as for exercise 55, in subchapter 9.4. Babbitt is a character by Sinclair Lewis, an American writer. The Freeman’s are a famous auction house to specialize also in books. Amerigo Vespucci described his voyages in letters to Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de Medici. Calligraphic copies were still quite a habit for most important documents, in Vespucci’s times.




Not only books and their covers could be stylish. Inversion can be a matter of style. It does not indicate a question in the pattern Hadn’t it sure taken a lot (of work)”, above.


Relative forms also allow “were” (the past plural of the verb to be) with I, he, she, and it. We can say, “If I were, If he / she / it were…” to hypothesize generally about the PRESENT and now. Forms as “If I / he / she / it was…” may sound more particular, they are yet up to personal choosing. “Were” is more widely acknowledged, especially in school contexts.


Formal American English uses full forms of verbs. Let us take it into account.


If I was Santa, I would not be (wouldn’t be) looking for a spare bag now.


If I were Santa, I would be (I ‘d be) a book Santa: I would give away kids books.


Let us mind that skimming can encourage effective learning, as we noted in chapter 10, Grammar relativity galore. Feel welcome to have a peek into exercise 63 in subchapter 10.4., before doing this one.


We have the value {IN} next to the verb to go with the Progressive. The target grammatical time is indicated. We can stay {ON} our human and logical extents for qualities, hearts and minds, and ignore Progressive cues.



Example: {PAST}, he, N 1. (be) extremely busy, 2. (remember) {IN} to bring that brand coffee.


Answer: If he had not been extremely busy, he would have remembered to bring that brand coffee.


We can ignore the marker {IN}. We remember our syntactic HAVE becomes an anchor, compare subchapter 10.1. Our arrow cues would be as follows.



For Modal patterns with the feature {IN}, we can resolve simply to remember we do not say “maying” or “musting”, and the feature {IN} has to come with syntactic expansion. Our arrow cue may remain as for real-time, non-perfect progressive patterns. The cues are ancillary, and we need to mind the head time anyway, with Modal verbs. If to make arrow cues of another color, is up to individual choosing. We also can add the letter M to structures we want mediated with Modal verbs.


Please think if to use FORM RELATIVITY in example 2. A non-relative form will show a number of activities different from the relative. We can use Modals other than WILL, too.


1. {PRESENT}, she, N read {IN} the calligraphic, she, sleep {IN}.
(She worked on her new book all night.)


2. {PAST}, he, N write {IN}, he, read or talk {IN}.
(The colloquium was very engaging.)


3. {PAST} and {PRESENT}, he, N hear {IN} from Bill then, he, write {IN} him a letter now.


4. {PRESENT}, it, N be {IN} such a good quality, she, think it a mere prank.


5. {FUTURE}, it, N sustain {IN} the quality throughout, it, compare {IN} with the Bodleian Horace and Francis Crease talent.


6. {FUTURE}, they, look in the library, they, get the Medici print.
(Someone most probably made it from the Medici print.)


7. {PRESENT}, it, N be so conscientious, he, throw it in that Babbitt’s garden next door.


8. {FUTURE}, it, prove necessary, she, have it carbon dated.


9. {PRESENT}, it, be as good as it looks it, M be of worth even as just a calligraphic.


10. {PAST} and {PRESENT}, it, N deprive of the front matter, it, be {IN} easier to find out who made it.


Feel welcome to some more exercise. We are gradually getting independent of cues. Real-time, we people speak without them.
10.4. More workout for real-time talk

Link 10.4. More workout for real-time talk