Exercise 60. We can use the word “if” also in senses as “when”, “where” or “whether”. It is up to our choosing, if we speak the premise or the result first.
IF you provision in the condition,
may stipulation precede in position.
May stipulation precede in position,
WHEN you provision in the condition.
1. You can make an adage suit,
IF you toot the root in the foot.
2. IF the comma won’t curse or ban,
the dot might bid the span.
3. IF the verb does not adjust,
the pronoun must never entrust.
4. IF diction commends,
a Modal may emend.
5. IF meanings collate or debate,
may syntax negotiate.
Exercise 61. It is most often up to ourselves to decide if we use Form Relativity. There are words as probably, maybe, likely and similar, whereas forms as HAVE TO, NEED TO or WANT work with grammatical real time.
Let us exercise in our minds solely (Mind Practice), holding on to grammatical thinking even against unusual wording. The arrow cues show the target grammatical time.
Our inspiration is a fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen, The Little Tiny, or Thumbelina.
If there (1. be) other Little Tinies, the Little Tiny (2. can be) one of many similar beings.
Answer with Relative Time:
If there were other Little Tinies, the Little Tiny could / might be one of many similar beings.
Without Form Relativity:
If there are other Little Tinies, the Little Tiny probably is one of many similar beings.
Let us mind, human thinking is always individual in a way, and Modal present or past forms tell how persuaded we are, rather than the real time. We have pictured this “Modal strength” in cubes.
CAN, NEED, WOULD, SHOULD
MUST, WILL, SHALL
A. “If I 3. (be) one of many Little Tinies, I 4. (be) actually a Little Tiny”, the Tiny hypothesized.
B. She 5. (be) strictly an inch tall and she 6. (want) a measure for her dreams.
C. “A cubit 7. (be) the length of your forearm right to the tip of your middle finger”, she 8. (reckon).
D. However, a cubit 9. (be) factually about 17.5 inches.
E. “If you 10. (have to think) about an inch to think about a cubit”, she went on hypothesizing, “my cubit N 11. (can be) a cubit, as I 12. (be) just an inch tall.
F. She 13. (visualize) a cube. “If you really 14. (need to consider) measurement, you 15. (figure) on a cube of a dream”, she made another theory.
G. Nothing was positively two-dimensional. “Even if you 16. (reason) on your forearm simply, you 17. (will make) it out for three-dimensional”, she 18. (speculate).
H. “If nothing 19. (be) truly two-dimensional, dreams 20. (be) non-two-dimensional, too.”
I. “You (21. measure) a cube for a dream, if you 22. (want) to tell whether your dreams are big or small?”
J. She 23. (start) to entertain the theory. Once you 24. (agree) to a measure, you 25. (can add up) cubes with dreams like with anything else.
Spring Flowing Colors
Exercise 62. Let us be back with the grain of sand. The word “if” is not the only word to help make hypotheses. Let us try the conjunctions “as” and “when”, too.
“If I N (be) a grain of sand, I (be) more prone to minds like that of a westerly wind”, the grain of sand thought.
“If I were not a grain of sand, I would be more prone to minds like that of a westerly wind”, the grain of sand thought.
Task B gives the NODUS for the exercise. All phrasing is in the time of the nodus or relative to it, except thought in quotes, which is in the grammatical PRESENT, where we can use Relative Time as well, if we like.
A. “If wits N (be) a real thing, you (can evade) the matter of their shape”, the grain of sand (deliberate).
NODUS OF TIME
B. The grain of sand did one hour of thinking about composite things a day, and appreciated the activity as emotionally valid.
C. As the 60 minutes N (be) immaterial, the faculty the grain of sand (employ) during the time N (can be) immaterial either, it (conclude).
D. Obviously, the faculty you (use) to ponder on composite things (have to be) the reasoning faculty.
E. Wits, whatever their quality, (have to be) of a shape, the grain of sand (resolve), thinking it (need), a good shape for own.
F. All along, it (be) absolutely uncanny for a grain of sand and a wind to be of the same mind.
G. “A thought (can be) genuinely the same, when the wits N (be)?”
H. Asking the wind its opinion N (can decide) on the issue, the grain of sand (analyze).
I. Alternately, the phrase “the same thought” (may become) just a way to speak about potentially very dissimilar things.
J. Still, the phrase “the same thought” truly (exist) and (have) its real shape. “What (happen), if you (translate) it to another language?”
K. The grain of sand (wonder) for five minutes. The phrase sure (may change) in its look.
L. Then, the term “shape” N (will be) as easy to comprehend.
M. “The same thought (will render) the same shape of mind if you (give) it the look of another language?”
N. The grain of sand (immerse) in thought again. The thought (will have) a shape of the other tongue for sure.
Exercise 63. We can join Jim Colderstone in winter Vermont. The letter M is to encourage Modality: we do not have to use a Modal everywhere the letter M is, and we can use more than one Modal, whether the task has the letter or not.
Our nodus is the grammatical PRESENT and it includes Expression, but the exercise is open-ended: no one can properly prescribe precisely on a natural language.
When Jim ran into the office in ■→CHAPTER 6, Jill was not there. She left him a note, before going on her Paris vacation.
We cannot demand insight into private correspondence. The exercise only renders the message, in a mystified way. We can try to guess what Jill may have written.
Example: You M N 1. (have) the ambition to be the colder stone in winter Vermont.
Answer: You would not have the ambition to be the colder stone in winter Vermont.
A. It M 3. (be) enough to go EPIC terrestrial to see that nature 6. (favor) a Colderstone for the role.
(We can go ■→EPIC.NOAA.GOV/EPIC, if we want to go EPIC terrestrial ourselves.)
B. Although you M N 7. (need to go) to Vermont to do STEM paperwork only, you M 8. (like) the ridges of new green and the cool breeze in a shiny spring Vermontian morning.
(We can go ■→NSF.GOV for STEM programs.)
C. Space and time M 9. (become) a source of perplexity, if you 10. (think) about times outside the present.
D. We people anyway N 13. (be) logic strictly, but temperature — for sole source of feeling — M 14. (be) in the way, of senses coming together well.
Let us take our nodus to the grammatical PAST and think if we anchor.
Naturally, you would not have had the ambition to be the colder stone in winter Vermont.
End of part 2.
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■ the Simple, Progressive, and Perfect;
■ infinitive, auxiliary, and head verb forms;
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■ irregular verbs and vowel patterns: high and low, back and front.
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