CHAPTER 3. TIME IS LIKE A RIVER

PICTURE: THE RIVER OF TIME LOOKING STORMY

In everyday language, we can speak about the flow of time, a course, or current of events. Let us try to imagine a River of Time.

 

Our River may be turbulent at times, but not always as bad, as above.

EMOTICON: A JOKE

 

We can travel across the River using the Stones of Time. The stones have acquired their luster in the fast run of time.

PICTURE: A STONE OF TIME

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Initially, when we only begin language work in a perspective, we may speak or write slower than later, when the language and the perspective belong well with our skills. We may feel we need more time to put our thoughts together.

 

The Stones of Time are to help with imagined tasks, before we face real linguistic challenges in real time.

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In every kind of talk, when we speak, write, read, watch television, or listen to radio shows, the language has some regularities. The regularities are grammatical tense patterns. We could not communicate without them.

 

Imagination can help learn. Our River is imagined and the Stones are imagined. We can picture there are word patterns coming with the flow and the Stones of Time may surface with them.

 

We need to use a pattern, for a Stone of Time to carry us through.

 

PICTURE: RIVER OF TIME PATTERNS

 

Let us think, the patterns may have something familiar, something from the Fields of Time.

 

PICTURE: RIVER OF TIME PATTERNS, CORE VERBS

 

The Fields have been to help grasp the grammatical PRESENT, PAST, and FUTURE.

 

PICTURE: RIVER AND FIELDS OF TIME CORE VERBS

 

We may guess the River has the grammatical PRESENT, PAST, and FUTURE. There are some particles, ING and 3RD, too.
PICTURE: RIVER AND FIELD PATTERNS

 

One pattern has the verb to be and the particle ING.

 

Another uses the verb to have and the third form of the verb; we mark it as 3RD. Our PRACTICE 2.1 tells about forms of verbs.

 

Now, our greatest mystery might be the first row of Stones. Our only clues here are the verb form “will”, along with markings (es) and 2ND.

 

(Es) is a feature for our PRESENT Field of Time, with objects of thought that use the pronouns he, she, or it.
PICTURE: PERSONAL PRONOUNS, HE, SHE, AND IT

 

Feel welcome to further journey.
3.1. THE GRAMMATICAL ASPECT

 

LINK 3.1. THE GRAMMATICAL ASPECT

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LINK: READ THIS IN A SLAVIC LANGUAGE, POLISH

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