There are no inborn grammar books or language styles, and learning always requires thinking, but it does not require difficulty. The simple exercises here are to help work out flexible habits that can contribute to advanced language skill.

Exercise 1. Let us try the grammatical person with the verbs to be, to have, and to do, for the PRESENT, PAST, and FUTURE, as in ■→chapter 1.

In simple words, let us put the verbs in the fields of time.

With the pronouns I, you, he, she, and it, we may speak about individual objects or persons. We name this the singular, in grammar. If we already know the forms well, we can take the exercise as a mild brain teaser: we consciously practice the field, that is, the grammatical time, first.

We may think about characters from books or movies ― friends and foes ― to do the exercises.

The website has ■→FREE VISUALS for Travel in Grammar.

Example: PRESENT, (be), she;
Answer: is.

1. PRESENT, (do), I;
2. FUTURE, (do), you;
3. PAST, (have), I;
4. PRESENT, (be), he;
5. PAST, (be), you;
6. FUTURE, (have), she;
7. PAST, (have), it;
8. PRESENT, (be), you;
9. FUTURE, (do), he;
10. PAST, (have), you.


Exercise 2. With the persons we, you, and they, we can speak about more than one object or person. In grammar, we name this the plural. We can use the pronoun you” for the singular and the plural, please compare ■→subchapter 3.2.

1. PAST, (do), they;
2. PRESENT, (do), I;
3. PRESENT, (have), he;
4. FUTURE, (be), it;
5. FUTURE, (be), we;
6. PRESENT, (have), you;
7. FUTURE, (have), we;
8. PRESENT, (be), she;
9. PAST, (do), they;
10. FUTURE, (have), you.

Exercise 3. We tell the grammatical person and time for the verbs below. We can note “all persons”, where the form stays the same for all of them. We continue focusing on time first: we hold on to the fields of time.

Example: do;
Answer: PRESENT, I, you, we, they.

1. are; 2. will do; 3. did; 4. will have; 5. has; 6. am; 7. does; 8. had; 9. were; 10. have; 11. will be; 12. was.

Grammar practice is never only pen and paper. It is also about a way to think. Feel welcome to some ■→MIND PRACTICE.

■→This text is also available in Polish.


The world may never have seen her original handwriting, if her skill was taken for supernatural. Feel welcome to Poems by Emily Dickinson prepared for print by Teresa Pelka: thematic stanzas, notes on the Greek and Latin inspiration, the correlative with Webster 1828, and the Aristotelian motif, Things perpetual — these are not in time, but in eternity.

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