1.1. FIELDS OF TIME: BASIC PRACTICE

Exercise 1. Let us try to feature the verbs to be, to have, and to do, for the PRESENT, PAST, and FUTURE (we refer to chapter 1).

 

With the pronouns I, you, he, she, and it, we may speak about single individuals or objects. We name this the singular, in grammar.

 

If we already know the forms well, we can take the exercise as a mild brainteaser. We just practice thinking about the Field (grammatical time) first.

 

Example: PRESENT, (be), she

 

Answer: is

 

1. PRESENT, (do), I

 

2. FUTURE, (do), you

 

3. PAST, (have), I

 

4. PRESENT, (be), he

 

5. PAST, (be), you

 

6. FUTURE, (have), she

 

7. PAST, (have), it

 

8. PRESENT, (be), you

 

9. FUTURE, (do), he

 

10. PAST, (have), you

 

*****

 

Much has been written and said on what great difference it is, if we speak a language natively or as a foreign tongue, or how peculiar foreign language learning is, in comparison with learning the first tongue in childhood.

 

Let us remember, there are no inborn language habits. There are no inborn grammar books either, and learning a language always requires thinking.

 

We could not just follow other people on examples to write and speak, whatever the language. Would we say we use the verb to be because Mr. Y, a grammarian, says so? It might not stand for a good reason.

 

Repeating after books or people would not give us the flexibility we need to talk. This is why we have exercises as here: to start and make ourselves flexible habits for language.

 

*****

 

Exercise 2. In this exercise, we also can use the persons we, you, and they. This means we can speak about more than one individual or object.

 

In grammar, we name this the plural. We can use the pronoun youfor the singular and the plural, compare subchapter 3.2.

We may think about real people ― our acquaintances, friends as well as foes ― to do this exercise.

1. PAST, (do), they

 

2. PRESENT, (do), I

 

3. PRESENT, (have), he

 

4. FUTURE, (be), it

 

5. FUTURE, (be), we

 

6. PRESENT, (have), you

 

7. FUTURE, (have), we

 

8. PRESENT, (be), she

 

9. PAST, (do), they

 

10. FUTURE, (have), you

 

Exercise 3. We can try to tell the time extent (PRESENT, PAST, or FUTURE) and the person, for the verb forms below. We can note “all persons”, where the form stays the same for all of them. We continue exercising time first.

 

Example: do

 

Answer: PRESENT, I, you, we, they

 

1. are; 2. will do; 3. did; 4. will have; 5. has; 6. am; 7. does; 8. had; 9. were; 10. have; 11. will be; 12. was.

 

Grammar practice is not only pen and paper. It is also about a manner to think. Feel welcome to try the 1.2. Mind practice.

Link 1.2. Mind practice
LINK:READ THIS IN A SLAVIC LANGUAGE, POLISH

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