CHAPTER 1. WE CAN PLAN ON TIME AS IN FIELDS

■→IN POLISH

Language is much about time. When we talk about a thing or a person, we usually think if something or someone — is, was, or will be. This means we need grammar for the Present, Past, or Future.

However, we cannot touch time. We cannot see or hear time. Clocks can show the time only as we set them, and grammatical time is not the same thing as the hour.

PICTURE: CLOCKS SHOWING DIFFERENT TIMES

How can we learn the grammatical time, then? To an extent, we may think about time together with place.

There is the human experience we know as language use. The way we people use language can show a bit of that human and intellectual skill to manage own speech faculty.

How can we use a word as “before”? Could we say “before that turn”, for a place, and “before ten”, for a time?

ILLUSTRATION: BEFORE A PLACE OR TIME

“Before the turn” says “before the place”.

“Before ten” says “before the time”.

We can use the word “before”, to speak about time, as well as place. In all natural languages, people have a flexible habit to connect time and place. Humans have evolved grammars along with perception for three-dimensional space.


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PICTURE: ROAD SIGN SAYING 'TOMORROW'

Let us think about places and names, as TODAY, YESTERDAY, and TOMORROW. Could there be a town named Tomorrow?

PICTURE: A SUBURBAN AREA, AERIAL VIEW

This could be our Tomorrow town.

PICTURE: BODIE, CALIFORNIA, USA

Could someone name their land or estate “Yesterday”?

Well, this here looks a thing past.
(Bodie is a ghost town in a history park in California, USA.)

Joke emoticon

Such place names would be unusual, but possible.

Let us envision fields we name the PAST, PRESENT, and FUTURE.

They can be our Fields of Time. To learn the grammatical time, we learn to manage in the Fields of Time.

In grammar as well as in day-to-day living, our views depend on our knowledge. We may associate knowledge with light. Let us think about the Fields of Time and sunlight.

Knowledge needs memory. PAST things happen to go into oblivion, as the learning matter we do not review or work with. For our PAST field, we can envision the light as with a setting sun: there is shine enough, if we want to return to the matter.

We do not have memories of the FUTURE, but we can plan our learning. For our FUTURE field, the shine can be as with sunrise.

It is our PRESENT we have the most potential to shape. In our PRESENT field, the sun is high and daylight broad.

Let us picture a word that matters a lot in grammar and life, the verb to be, in the Field we name the PRESENT.

The verb TO BE in the Present Field of Time

We can envision the verbs to be, to have, and to do in all Fields of Time. The website here has grammar ■→free visuals.

What do we do, to feature words in our Fields of Time? We put together our thought about the grammatical person and time. For the grammatical person, we can use pronouns, that is, words as I, you, we, they, he, she, and it.

“Grammatical persons” can be telling about human beings, or things, events, or other objects of thought. They also can refer to fictional characters or objects, as people in stories do not have to be real, either.

For a start, we can think about s as the feature for the pronouns he, she, and it.

PICTURE: BOB THE JUNIOR

We can say that he i  someone, he ha  something, or he doe  something.

PICTURE: JEMMA SMILES

Similarly, we can say that she i someone, she ha  something, or she doe  something.

The feature s holds only for the grammatical singular, that is, single persons, creatures, things, events, or phenomena — in short, objects of thought — in the grammatical PRESENT.

How important are our three words, be, have, and do? They can be our core grammar words. We can use them cognitively to map the grammatical time in language.

When fashioning words with features becomes our habit and nature, we get more real time to think what we want to say. We do not need very much time to think how to speak or write. Feel welcome to try ■→THE FIELDS OF TIME, BASIC PRACTICE.


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