CHAPTER 1. WE CAN PLAN ON TIME AS IN FIELDS

PICTURE: THE THREE FIELDS OF TIME; PAST, PRESENT, FUTURE

Our earthly space is three-dimensional. Language grammar belongs with the estimable lengths, heights, and widths, along with the human need for water, air, good clothing and roofing. Grammar is a basic human need. It is healthy to have a good business with grammar.

 

PICTURE: ABSTRACT TIME

 

Language has much reference to time. We usually think if something or someone is, was, or will be, when we talk about a thing or person. This means we need grammar forms for the Present, Past, or Future.

 

Grammar forms can help tell the grammatical time. However, we cannot touch time. We cannot see or hear time. Clocks can show values only as we set them, and grammatical time is not the same thing as the hour.

 

PICTURE: CLOCKS SHOWING DIFFERENT TIMES

How can we learn the grammatical time, then? To an extent, we may think about time together with place.

 

We may not need theories on time and dimensions, to learn good language. We can reason on the human experience we know as language use. The way we people use language can show a bit of that human and intellectual skill to manage own speech faculty.

 

How can we use a word as before? Could we say “before that turn”, for a place, and “before ten”, for a time?

 

PICTURE: BEFORE A PLACE

 

PICTURE: BEFORE A TIME

 

“Before the turn” says “before the place”.

“Before ten” says “before the time”.

 

We can use the word before to speak about place as well as time. In all natural languages, human minds have a flexible habit to connect time and place. Human grammars have evolved along with perception for three-dimensional space.

PICTURE: CARTESIAN COORDINATES

 

Let us elaborate on these facts for grammar.

 

Let us imagine three places. We can name the places TODAY, YESTERDAY, and TOMORROW.

 

Could there be a town named Tomorrow?

 

PICTURE: ROAD SIGN SAYING 'TOMORROW'

 

This could be our Tomorrow town.

 

PICTURE: SUBURBAN AREA, AERIAL VIEW

 

Could there be an estate named “Yesterday”?

 

PICTURE: BODIE, CALIFORNIA, USA

Well, this could be our Yesterday.

(Bodie is a ghost town in a history park in California, USA.)

 

Such place names would be unusual, but possible.

 

We do not have to think about towns or villages, for grammar. We can envision fields and name them, the PAST, PRESENT, and FUTURE. They can be our Fields of Time. To learn the grammatical time, we learn to manage our Fields of Time.

 

Not only with grammar, our perspectives depend on our knowledge. We could say that our knowledge is the light we have.

 

Knowledge needs memory. PAST things happen to go into oblivion, as the learning matter we do not review or work with. For our PAST field, we can envision the light as with a setting sun: there is shine enough, if we want to return to the matter.

PICTURE: THE FIELD OF THE PAST

 

We do not have memories of the FUTURE, but we can plan our learning. For our FUTURE field, the shine can be as with sunrise.

PICTURE: THE FIELD OF THE FUTURE

 

It is our PRESENT we have the most potential to shape. In our PRESENT field, the sun is high and daylight broad.

PICTURE: THE FIELD OF THE PRESENT

 

Let us picture be, grammatically a very important word, in the Field we name the PRESENT.

PICTURE: THE VERB TO BE IN THE FIELD FOR THE PRESENT

Let us envision the verb to be in the other Fields of Time.

 

PICTURE: THE VERB TO BE IN THE FIELDS FOR THE FUTURE AND PAST

 

This is how the verb to be can look in all our Fields.

 

PICTURE: FORMS OF THE VERB TO BE, FOR THE PRESENT, PAST, AND FUTURE

 

We also can feature the words to have and to do in our Fields.

 

PICTURE: THE VERB TO HAVE IN THE FIELDS FOR THE PRESENT, PAST, AND FUTURE

 

This is how the verb to have alone could look in our Fields of Time.

 

PICTURE: FORMS OF THE VERB TO BE, FOR THE PRESENT, PAST, AND FUTURE

 

This is how the verb to do could look in the Fields of Time.

 

PICTURE: THE VERB TO DO IN THE FIELDS FOR THE PRESENT, PAST, AND FUTURE

PICTURE: FORMS OF THE VERB TO DO, FOR THE PRESENT, PAST, AND FUTURE

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What do we do, to feature words in our Fields of Time? We put together our thought about the grammatical time and person, to build our wording. We make up own minds and choose the features.

 

For a start, we can think about s as the feature for the pronouns he, she, and it.

 

PICTURE: PERSONAL PRONOUNS, HE, SHE, AND IT

 

Pronouns are words that can stand for grammatical persons. The words I, you, we, they, he, she, and it, are personal pronouns.

 

The persons are “grammatical”, as they can stand for live beings, as well as things, events, or other objects of thought. They can refer to fictional characters or objects, and people do not have to be real, either.

 

PICTURE: BOB THE JUNIOR

 

We can say that he is someone, he has something, or he does something. Similarly, we can say that she is someone, she has something, or she does something.

 

PICTURE: JEMMA SMILES

 

The feature “s” holds only for the singular that is, single persons, creatures, things, events, or phenomena.

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How important are our three words, be, have, and do? They can be our core grammar words that map the grammatical time in language.

 

When fashioning words with features becomes our habit and nature, we get more real time to think what we want to say. We do not need much time to think how to speak or write.

 

W can learn to direct our language skills independently and consciously. Feel welcome to try 1.1. FIELDS OF TIME, BASIC PRACTICE.

LINK 1.1. FIELDS OF TIME, BASIC PRACTICE

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LINK: READ THIS IN A SLAVIC LANGUAGE, POLISH

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