10.4. MORE WORKOUT FOR REAL-TIME TALK

Grammar resources vary so vastly in guidance on Modal verbs and the Conditional or Unreal Past that we may feel we need a comparison on language forms. ■→More

10.3. WORKOUT FOR REAL-TIME TALK

Bill wrote the book I was looking for was as likely to be obtained as a calligraphic of Vespucci’s originals. 7. And it was the title the Babbitt gave me. It was completely a fairy-tale, Bill even checked with the Freeman’s. ■→More

10.1. THE UNREAL PAST OR CONDITIONAL: REAL TIME

If we allow that language may transfer features, phrases as had read, spoken, eaten etc., might show transfer of the syntactic anchor from the consequent. When auxiliary HAVE closes the time frame, we could say it anchors for reference. ■→More

CHAPTER 10. FORM RELATIVITY GALORE

Let us try linguistic relativity. For theory or guesswork, we can use PRESENT verb forms to refer to the FUTURE; PAST forms let refer to the PRESENT, and ANTECEDENT PAST forms can refer to the PAST. ■→More

9.3. DETAIL ON MODAL STRUCTURES

Modal syntax cannot do for Expression, as the Affirmative or Negative; for these, we practice inversion and negation inclusive of Modal syntax. ■→More

9.2. THE MODAL TIME FRAME

Our Fields of Time remain valid throughout our grammar journey. As in life, we refer thought to the PAST, PRESENT, or FUTURE, whether we are abstract, humorous, or talk Modal verbs. ■→More

9.1. MODAL SYNTAX, GRAMMATICAL PRESENT OR PAST

Well, the verb to have can be quite a handle itself, and we can see it in the Modal phrases above. We may begin with visualizing the infinitive and the head time. ■→More

CHAPTER 9. TO TELL THE FASHION IN VALUABLE TIME

Modal verbs do not really state on the Time and Aspect. They mediate between the two and behave very different from regular verbs for that. ■→More

8.2. PRACTICE FOR ALL ASPECTS

We do not have language only to talk with people. We use it to read, write, and think as well. It is important that we try to represent feelings and thoughts in language. We may think about time and change. ■→More

8.1. EARTHLING BASIC VARIABLE

Planet Earth has been a human natural habitat for millennia. In thousands of years, people to think what there is {ON} a map, have not denied plausibility for places {IN} areas, routes {TO} places, as well as locations {AT} them. Early childhood learning to talk has been getting along with learning to walk. For all English Aspects and tenses, this is always the first element in the verb pattern to change for the grammatical time, and that as for the variable {ON}. ■→More

7.1. PRACTICE FOR THE HEART AND THE MIND

We learn to decide on own use of the Progressive ING, and the variable {ON}. Our answers do not have to be identical. We people differ in verb use. ■→More

CHAPTER 7. TIME IN THE MIND AND HEART

There are many grammar books to tell about “stative” or “static verbs”; that we should never use them with the Progressive; that phrases as "I am loving you" or "I am hating you" are incorrect. In fact, such phrases do occur also in educated styles, and more, without the brain and mind, the heart is just a muscle. ■→More

6.5. THE TARGET TIME AND FRAME

We use time frames and symbolic cues, to work as in the Mind practice for the difference between the Simple and the Perfect. ■→More

6.3. EXERCISES: THE ASPECT AND THE TIME FRAME

Mind practice for the Aspect and the time frame.
2. The skylark found nothing to outbid the bit of cosmos with a squid.
8. The spotted redshank bachelorette did reset her buret for the bouncing bet. ■→More

6.2. GRAMMAR COGNITIVE GROUND

Madame Règle is not a systematic person at all. The only regularity about her would be a small book she always carries fastened to her bag with a scarf or, actually, a variety of scarves of many colors and textures. The book is not the same book every day, and the choice of the scarf sure depends on some totally unpredictable factor, just as the exact time for lunch, for which you might want to assume the broad time frame of about sixty minutes to commence or not to happen altogether. ■→More

6.1. LINGUISTIC GRAVITATION

We began with clocks and grounds in experience, to tell between the Simple and the Perfect. We people yet happen to speak without a clock, as well as to share novelty. We may resort to thought about a natural earthly phenomenon, namely gravitation. It can help us choose on the time frame for the Simple or Perfect. ■→More

CHAPTER 6. WE CAN CHOOSE OUR PATHS ABOUT TIME

There are no universal principles for choosing between the Present Perfect and the Past Simple. We need own resolves, for real time and contexts. ■→More

5.3. PRACTICE: REAL SYNTAX AND MORE WORDS

Abbreviated verb forms are really much in use in American English. It is important to learn telling them. We first try the exercises in our thoughts, as in the Mind Practice. ■→More

5.2. PRACTICE: SYMBOLIC CUES AND REAL SYNTAX

Symbols can be really helpful, whe we want effective and effortless language habits. Let us combine the Aspect and Time, to exercise symbolic cues. We try only to think about our answers: true learning is in the mind. ■→More

5.1. THE LOGIC SO FAR

We sum up on the grammar logic here so far, and visualize Time along with Aspect as for moving about; hiking, for example. ■→More

CHAPTER 5. LET US MAKE OWN PATHS ABOUT TIME

The Affirmative, Interrogative or Negative may look rare or even strange, if we think about everyday language. Let us reckon on something usual as a strawberry, to work these phrases out. ■→More

4.2. PRACTICE: ASPECT COGNITIVE MAPPING

To think about grammatical time, we do not have to feel bound to fields and land travel, even if only symbolically. We can imagine a bald eagle ON Mount Elbert. He nests IN a valley, flies TO the mountain top, and stays AT the summit, for warm days. The eagle route has four types of reference. ■→More

CHAPTER 4. TIME RAMBLES DIFFERENT WITH DIFFERENT PEOPLE

Human walking or other moving about needs place and time, yet it does not need anybody to describe, give rules or definitions. We can connect the grammatical aspect and basic ways we people orientate in physical space. More→

3.3. THE BIG CHART FOR THREE PERSONS AND PATHS

We put together the Simple, Progressive, and the Perfect, with all personal pronouns and in all three fields of time. ■→More

3.2. THE PERSON ‘YOU’

In a standard, face-to-face conversation, it is naturally easy to tell if we speak with one or more persons. However, the pronoun you has evolved into the same shape for the singular and the plural. The form is also the same as verb object. ■→More

CHAPTER 3. TIME IS LIKE A RIVER

Everyday language has phrases as a flow or passage of time, a course or current of events: we people happen to have such impressions about life and time. Let us imagine a river of time. There are word patterns to show in the river, and there are pods of time to surface with them. We need to use a pattern, for a pod to carry us through. ■→More .

2.1. MORE WORDS IN THE FIELDS

Verbs may change in shape for the PRESENT, PAST, and FUTURE, and not all are regular in this. We exercise verb 1st and 2nd forms in the fields of time. ■→More

CHAPTER 2. THE FUTURE NEEDS THE PRESENT

humans have evolved grammars along with perception for three-dimensional space. There never has been, and there is not at hand really, any fourth dimension, as time. The real time we people live in is always our PRESENT. The verb form "will" can map on the real-time FUTURE already in its PRESENT grammatical form. ■→More

1.2. MIND PRACTICE

It is much easier to make progress in language, if we learn to introspect and consciously give direction to own intellect. We may begin with exercise in awareness of own mind. More→

1.1. FIELDS OF TIME: BASIC PRACTICE

Learning a language always requires thinking, but it does not require difficulty. The simple exercises here are to help work out flexible habits that can contribute to advanced language skill. More→

CHAPTER 1. WE CAN PLAN ON TIME AS IN FIELDS

We cannot touch time. We cannot see or hear time. Clocks can show the time only as we set it, and grammatical time is not the same thing as the hour. How can we learn the grammatical time, then? To an extent, we may think about time together with place. More→

LANGUAGE FORM

We always need to know the language and the context, to see what the language form denotes: a picture of a cat is not a cat. To work on language form and syntax, we can use virtual words. We have two invented verbs, bimmo and thimo, and two invented nouns, phimo and rheemo. We use them only if and when we like. ■→More