2.1. WORD PRACTICE IN THE FIELDS

We can manage the grammatical time as in fields for the PRESENT, PAST, or FUTURE.

 

Verb forms may change for the grammatical time.
Not all are regular in this.

 

Most dictionaries have lists of irregular verbs. The lists show the first, second, and third form, for irregular verbs.

 

AN IRREGULAR VERB

The infinitive: to ring

The base form: ring.

 

FIRST FORM

SECOND FORM

THIRD FORM

1ST

2ND

3RD

ring

rang

rung

 

Regular verbs take the ending ED in their second and third forms.

 

A REGULAR VERB

The infinitive: to sound

The base form: sound.

 

FIRST FORM

SECOND FORM

THIRD FORM

1ST

2ND

3RD

sound

sounded

sounded

 

We are only beginning our language journey with verbs. For now, we can stay with the first and second forms. Some knowledge on the base and infinitive shapes of verbs should help us work with grammar resources.

 

We build the infinitive with the basic form of the verb and the particleto”.

 

BASE FORM: ring & to
THE INFINITIVE: to ring.

 

For most verbs in English, the base form is going to be the same as the first form.
I will write tomorrow, the FUTURE Field of Time;
(“write” is the first and the basic form of the verb to write).

 

For the verb to be, the base form is different from the first form.
I will be home tomorrow, the FUTURE Field of Time;
(“be” is the base form of the verb to be;
the first forms are am, is, are).

 

We can see the first forms in our PRESENT Field of Time.

PICTURE: FORMS OF THE VERB TO BE, FOR THE PRESENT, PAST, AND FUTURE

Human grammars evidently have evolved in our earthly reality.

EMOTICON: SMILE

Let us note that the particle “to” does not belong only with the infinitive. To tell the difference, we mind if the particle comes with a verb or a noun. The infinitive is a form of a verb.

 

I like to listen to music;
(the PRESENT Field, the infinitive is underlined).

 

I often listen to music;
(the PRESENT Field, no infinitive, music is a noun, that is, a word that can answer the question Who or what?)

 

APPENDIX 1 has more about verbs. APPENDIX 2 and APPENDIX 3 show verb speech sound patterns. Irregular verbs are easier to learn with those language melodies.

 

Exercise 5. Let us put the verbs in forms proper for the indicated grammatical time.

 

 

In simple words,
let us put the verbs in Fields of Time.

 

Our vocoid pattern here is [I:] ― [e:] ― [e:].

 

In simple words,
the language melody for the verbs has a contour as
[I:] ― [e:] ― [e:]

 

FIRST FORM

SECOND FORM

THIRD FORM

1ST

2ND

3RD

leave

left

left

 

Example: PAST (leave)

Answer: left

 

1. FUTURE (leave)

2. PRESENT (mean)

3. PRESENT (meet)

4. PAST (read)

5. FUTURE (sleep)

6. PAST (sweep)

7. PAST (sleep)

8. PRESENT (read)

9. FUTURE (meet)

10. PRESENT (sweep)

 

Exercise 6. We can try our language natures another way round. We tell the Field of Time by the shape of the verb. By standard, we show pronunciation — the way to say a word — in square brackets.

 

Example: left

Answer: (time first) PAST (leave)

 

1. meet(s); 2. read [re: d]; 3. read [rI: d]; 4. will sleep; 5. will leave; 6. met; 7. mean(s); 8. meant; 9. slept; 10. swept.

 

Verbs can make patterns we name the Simple, Progressive, and Perfect. Feel welcome to further grammar journey.
CHAPTER 3. TIME IS LIKE A RIVER.

LINK TO CHAPTER 3: THE SIMPLE, PROGRESSIVE, AND PERFECT

*****

LINK: READ THIS IN A SLAVIC LANGUAGE, POLISH

Advertisements