Exercise 34. All verbs in parentheses will have a closed time frame, and remain {ON} a ground for the PAST. They are all irregular. First, we only think about the verb forms, without looking them up (■→APPENDIX 2 or ■→APPENDIX 3).

1. The kitten (sink) all the milk by the mill down the hill.
2. The hedgehog (hide) the apples from the bird in a good jar with a lid.
3. The rabbit (strew) the cashews for the jabiru and (go on) making his debut callaloo.
4. The gades (lay) a fair-trade plan for a decade.
5. The corn-fed chick (flee) the shed for some strick.
6. The adept turtle (keep) his hep by the skep except when the bees (sweep).
7. The little bat always (cut) the coconut a bit imprecise, cooking the rice to suffice all sojourning mice.
8. The mountain cat usually (sit) on his mat to chat with the standpat spat on habits and repast.
9. The southern wind (heave) the sea and (sheave) the tides to incline a span unsized in eyes.
10. The butterfly (weave) in a cove; the dove taut (think) about a courtly lot.

Exercise 35. Let us try our time frames and logical cues with mapping values. Our pieces of thought are longer, more proportionate to everyday language. We think which verbs are regular, and which are not.

We can be very serious about grammar and keep a sense of humor: when we humans learn, we happen to be very formal, and this may burden our learning and language styles. Good American English does not have to be gravely serious (!)

We also can visit the official website:

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Example: Right after he (1) had fought his attachment for the game of Monopoly, he (2) fell for spinnakers completely. A matter-of-fact Vermontian, he (3) went to cruise the Antarctic with a chute.


1. He (4) sold his vintage Chevy and nearly (5) bought a Jeep, when he (6) thought that his vehicle (7) approximated an expression of his ego. A Jeep almost (8) portended a personality change.

2. A newspaper article on alpha and beta males seriously (9) disappointed him. He (10) was neither, and Greeks (11) had so many more letters.

3. He (12) has looked for a role model, but nobody (13) has met his expectations on both personality and body build, and he (14) gave up on considering body and mind for separate, at the Monopoly stage in life.

4. He (15) has pursued some philosophy, yet he (16) thinks stoicism (17) will not do for a resolve between matter and existence.

5. His friend (18) says he (19) needs some sense of humor, if he (20) wants to put up with a woman in his life. The woman always (21) is another Self.

Could this be about Jim?

Exercise 36. We are staying with the Simple pattern {ON} a PAST time extent. We continue with the Negative.


Example: Consciously pragmatic, Jill (decide) that tidying on her own (be) N too traditionalist. At least she (remember) where her things usually (be) before she (put) them somewhere completely else.

Answer: decided, was not (N, the Negative), remembered, were, put

1. She never (get) totally honest with anyone, on favorite comedy episodes.

2. An article on family roles in kite flying (incline) her towards psychoanalysis for a while. She yet soon (conclude) that she (need) N another grammatical person to be herself. Being herself anyway (happen) to her all the time, and she simply (like) to hold the strings. The West Coast had the weather.

3. Disputes on Dickinson and Sandburg (bring) her to the belief it (be) never possible to think about one poet strictly, although it (make) no sense sometimes to try talking about two at the same time.

4. After some study of a number of ideas on the cosmos, she (picture) the humanity as an odd kind of fish in a series of still larger fish tanks. Early in the series, there (be) N any point to try bringing another fish tank to imagination. It (require) adding more fish tanks.

5. She (tolerate) pop music well and (watch) American football with friends, but she always (choose) her fountain pens on her own and (keep) them just for herself.

Could this be about Jill?

Feel welcome to some more exercise, on the open or closed time frame and the PRESENT, PAST, or FUTURE: ■→6.5. EXERCISES