Human beings have evolved grammars along with perception for three-dimensional space. Speech and language belong with the estimable heights, widths, and depths or lengths, just as the human need for fresh water, air, good clothing, and a decent roof. Grammar is a basic human need. It is healthy to have a good business with grammar.

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Everyone thinks, speaks, or writes in real time. Sometimes, there is not even a moment to consult a rule or definition. Language MappingTM invokes human natural capability for logic. ■→More

Copyright © Teresa Pelka
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The logic is flexible, as language is not a predetermined reality: beginning to read a book or to watch a movie, we usually have some expectation on what there is going to be; somewhere around the middle, we may look back to what has happened, and at the end we may think about things accomplished.

In life, our grammar will vary as well, for things done and those prospective. Hence the Travel in Grammar: we practice a grammatical point of view, ■→THE IDEA OF TRAVEL IN GRAMMAR.

Grammatical time is not the clock, but just as with real time, we cannot touch or see it. We can manage as in fields, with a little mind practice. ■→More

The grammar may prove most effective step-by-step.
Content: Part 1 | Part 2
■→Translation to Polish can help readers in Slavic languages.

Chapter 1. Be, Have, Do
We think about three fields we name the Past, Present, and Future: to learn the grammatical time, we learn to manage as in fields of time. ■→More

1.2. Mind Practice
Thought and language originate in the mind, and most exercises in this grammar course are to be done in thought, to encourage mind habits. ■→More

Chapter 2. The Future Needs the Present
The real time we people live in is always our present. We can make predictions on the real-time future, but we never can really move into a future time; the verb form “will” is in the shape for the present, to tell about the future. ■→More

Chapter 4. Aspect Cognitive Mapping
Human walking or other moving about needs place and time, yet it does not need anybody to give rules or definitions. There are a few words quite often in use, to talk about places in English, as on, in, and to. ■→More

Sooner than later, life brings the talk about Unreal Past or Future in the Past, more, in Reported Speech. With grammatical time frames, we can get along easy. ■→More

Grammar Off the Record

It is a fact of life that we do not graduate in linguistics before we hear or speak everyday language, or read Huck Finn. ■→The Grapevine

In Part 3 of the journey, we continue the generative endeavor for the article, noun, adjective, adverb, and preposition; some knowledge of the civics may be useful:
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
My Internet Archive account has free posters, ■→archive.org/details/@teresapelka.

Part 4 tells about the phrase, the clause, time and discourse (our nodi of time), as well as vocabulary and pronunciation tips, also for people who feel stronger in other tongues. We have select Emily Dickinson and Carl Sandburg to read from. My edition and translation of Emily Dickinson’s first print is available from my Internet Archive account as well. I am working on my translation of Carl Sandburg’s select works: the book series is bilingual, for the grammar guidance in a Slavic tongue feel welcome to the ■→Netlog gramatyczny.

The American English course consists of four parts. In entirety, there comes along another framework, one for flectional or synthetic (as they are called) languages. The synthetic generative framework looks to Latin and Greek, to propose cognitive variables that could be used for Polish, Russian, or other flectional tongues.

The two frameworks, ■→analytic and ■→synthetic, may help work towards particular generative grammars for most, if not all natural languages on Earth. The synthetic is a separate book to lay out on how to make a framework; it is not a course for any particular tongue.

Read more about the Travel in Grammar


To see how we could cognitively map in language, let us try a mild brainteaser. If we compare our answers with family, friends, or other people and the results are consistent, the mapping is natural for us, even if the idea has not been not well-known: our brainteaser is intuitive. ■→More


We can think about the Simple, Progressive, and Perfect — together, as variables that we choose in real time. It can be good time and in truth, no effort at all. ■→More


We sum up on the grammar logic so far, and visualize Time along with Aspect for efficient language habits. ■→More


We people can share novelty, as well as speak without looking to the hour. We may resort to natural Earth and think gravitation. to choose on the grammatical time frame. ■→More


Planet Earth has been a human natural habitat for millennia. In thousands of years, people to think what there is {ON} a map, have not denied plausibility for places {IN} areas, routes {TO} places, as well as locations {AT} them. Early childhood learning to talk has been getting along with learning to walk. For all English Aspects and tenses, this is always the first element in the verb pattern to change for the grammatical time, and that as for the variable {ON}. ■→More


With theory making, the verb form “HAVE” works as a syntactic device, an anchor to close the frame on time; and all the way, the form goes a step forward, in its target grammatical time reference. ■→More




Internet Archive, the free text and image repository

■→Feel welcome to use the materials in my account
The posters are available to shop online as well.

The world may never have seen her original handwriting, if her skill was taken for supernatural. Feel welcome to Poems by Emily Dickinson prepared for print by Teresa Pelka: thematic stanzas, notes on the Greek and Latin inspiration, the correlative with Webster 1828, and the Aristotelian motif, Things perpetual — these are not in time, but in eternity.
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