The more economical we are managing our grammars, the better we manage our language skills. Everyone thinks, speaks, or writes in real time. There is often no time to consult rules and definitions.
We can use cognitive variables.
There are four Aspects in English, the Simple, Progressive, Perfect, and Perfect Progressive. We can map these Aspects with four prepositions, ON, IN, TO, and AT, for a good language economy.
“The more simple any thing is, the less liable it is to be disordered” (Thomas Paine, Common Sense).
WHY COGNITIVE VARIABLES?
Why think about cognitive variables, if tense patterns have not changed in centuries?
The term “cognitive variables” does not mean we talk only about matters that change, especially much or often. Cognitive variables are values we can apply flexibly. Here are two real-life and language facts.
There is not and there cannot be a grammar rule to tell whether we want to say we live somewhere, we are living, have lived, or we have been living. It is up to our resolve, to express own thought.
At the same time, we people live ON Earth. We usually view lands or seas as extents. We give at least psychological borders to areas IN which we are. We perceive routes and ways TO places. We happen to be AT landmarks and places.
Such are human natural variables for space, in English.
We can employ these variables for language (Chapter 4).
See how we can work with cognitive variables for grammar.
DOES A NOVEL IDEA MEAN WE GET SOME NOVEL LANGUAGE?
We do not change American English at all. The idea just fits the language as it is. We can refer for examples to the
This is a dream come true. And I’m loving every minute of it.
(NBC_Today Sun as in the Corpus of Contemporary American English, COCA).
WHY PICTURE LANGUAGE?
Visualization is only to help. We work to make flexible language habits. The idea began as my childhood spontaneous invention. Anyway, there are four Aspects in English: why not picture them with prepositions? We do not have to stay with visualization forever.
Language MappingTM is an international trademark, registered with the Irish Patents Office under No. 254074.
To the Advanced level, the grammar venture consists of 4 parts,
The work is registered with the US Library of Congress:
TX 7-497-087, TX 7-648-439.