Our core words, be, have, and do, have the word shape “will” in the field for the grammatical FUTURE. Let us make a picture for these forms.

How can we envision the word will on its own?
We can compare it for all our fields of time.

We can say we will be, will have, or will do, for our FUTURE field, but for the word will itself, we do not say
*will will.
Our FUTURE field for the verb form “will” is blank, as there is no standard language form to place there. Let us think, why.

As we noted in ■→CHAPTER 1, humans have evolved grammars along with perception for three-dimensional space. There never has been, and there is not at hand really, any fourth dimension, as time.

The real time we people live in is always our PRESENT. We can make predictions on the real-time future, but we never can really move into it, as there hardly would be a way to take our space with us: well, our three-dimensional bodies, for example.

Emoticon, a smile


We use PRESENT grammatical forms to talk about the future, and “will” is one of those forms we can use to map cognitively, in our minds, on the real-time future.

Everyday life allows quite exact predictions, as for one person, or a family, or a group of people. We can think about going to school or work. It is owing to this living experience that we have the standard language use where “will”, grammatically a PRESENT shape, maps on the real-time future.

The Extras have some more talk about ■→LANGUAGE FORM
and ■→VERBS.

Let us compare all our core words
for the PRESENT, PAST, and FUTURE.

Our core words are verbs. A verb is a word saying what we do, what others do, or what happens. Time to exercise our language natures (!)

■→This text is also available in Polish.


The world may never have seen her original handwriting, if her skill was taken for supernatural. Feel welcome to Poems by Emily Dickinson prepared for print by Teresa Pelka: thematic stanzas, notes on the Greek and Latin inspiration, the correlative with Webster 1828, and the Aristotelian motif, Things perpetual — these are not in time, but in eternity.
■→Free access, Internet Archive
Electronic format $2.99
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Soft cover, 260 pages, $16.89
■→Amazon | Barnes & Noble
Hard cover, 260 pages
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Internet Archive, the free text and image repository

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The posters are available to shop online as well.