CHAPTER 2. THE FUTURE NEEDS THE PRESENT

Our core words, be, have, and do, have the word shape “will” in the field for the grammatical FUTURE. Let us make a picture.

In our FUTURE field, we can say we will be, will have, or will do, but how could we envision the word will on its own?

We may compare it for all our fields of time.

We do not say for the word “will” itself,
*will will.
There is no standard shape to place in our FUTURE field, for the verb form “will”. Let us think, why.

As we noted in ■→CHAPTER 1, humans have evolved grammars along with perception for three-dimensional space. There never has been really at hand any fourth or time independently dimension, to make language.

The real time we people live in is always our PRESENT.

We can make predictions on the real-time future, but we never can really move into it, as there hardly would be a way to take our space with us: well, our spatial, dimensional bodies?


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We use PRESENT grammatical forms to talk about the future, and “will” is one of those forms we can use to map cognitively, in our minds, on the real-time future.

Everyday life allows quite exact predictions, as for one person, or a family, or a group of people, to think about going to school or work. It is owing to this living experience that we have standard language uses where the verb form “will”, grammatically a PRESENT shape, maps on the real-time future.

The Extras have some more talk about ■→LANGUAGE FORM
and ■→VERBS.

Let us compare all our core words
for the PRESENT, PAST, and FUTURE.

Our core words are verbs. A verb is a word saying what we do, what others do, or what happens. Time to exercise our language natures (!)
■→2.1. MORE WORDS IN THE FIELDS OF TIME

■→This text is also available in Polish.


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In the first part of the language journey, feel welcome to consider a picture for
■ the grammatical Past, Present, and Future;
■ the Simple, Progressive, and Perfect;
■ infinitive, auxiliary, and head verb forms;
■ the Affirmative, Interrogative, Negative, and Negative Interrogative;
■ irregular verbs and vowel patterns: high and low, back and front.
Third edition, 2021; ■→FREE SAMPLE.

Electronic format USD 2.99
■→SMASHWORDS
■→BARNES & NOBLE

The world may never have seen her original handwriting, if her skill was taken for supernatural. Feel welcome to Poems by Emily Dickinson prepared for print by Teresa Pelka: thematic stanzas, notes on the Greek and Latin inspiration, the correlative with Webster 1828, and the Aristotelian motif, Things perpetual — these are not in time, but in eternity.
■→Free access, Internet Archive
Electronic format $2.99
■→E-pub | NOOK Book | Kindle
Soft cover, 260 pages, $16.89
■→Amazon | Barnes & Noble
Hard cover, 260 pages
■→Barnes & Noble | Lulu

PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, LINGUISTICS,
& TRANSLATION


■→teresapelka.com
■→teresapelka-in-polish.com

Internet Archive, the free text and image repository

■→Feel welcome to use the materials in my account
The posters are available to shop online as well.