PART 1

CHAPTER 1. THE GRAMMATICAL PRESENT, PAST, OR FUTURE

We usually think if something or someone is, was, or will be, when we talk about a thing or person.

However, how do we perceive time?

We cannot touch, see, or hear time. Clocks can show values only as we set them, and the grammatical time is not the same thing as the hour.

 

PICTURE: CLOCKS SHOWING DIFFERENT TIMES

How can we learn the grammatical time, then? To an extent, we could think about time together with place, as in fields, for the Present, Past, or Future.

PICTURE: THREE FIELDS OF TIME; THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE

 

1.1. BE, HAVE, AND DO, IN PRACTICE

The verbs BE, HAVE, DO and WILL can make the core of our grammar skills. We can use them to map the grammatical time in language. Simple exercises can help start and keep language flexible habits.

 

1.2. MIND PRACTICE: WE THINK IN ENGLISH

In the beginning, we might feel it is really an effort to “discipline” ourselves and consciously direct our thinking. It is essential that we try, and choose in what language our thoughts are.

 

CHAPTER 2. THE VERB FORM WILL

The real time we live in is always the PRESENT, the same as the grammatical view to time. The verb form “will” is one of those forms we can use to map cognitively, in our minds, on the real-time future. The form itself is PRESENT.

PICTURE: THE VERB FORM ‘WILL’ MAPPING ON THE FUTURE

2.1. VERB PRACTICE IN THE PRESENT, PAST, AND FUTURE

Not all verbs are regular. Irregular verbs happen to show speech sound patterns. Remembering their forms is easier, with these language melodies.

 

[I:]

[Ɛ:]

[Ɛ:]

mean

meant

meant

meet

met

met

read

read

read

 

CHAPTER 3. BE, HAVE, DO, AND WILL IN PATTERNS

Our core BE, HAVE, and WILL can make patterns for the grammatical PRESENT, PAST, or FUTURE. We view the patterns as in a River of Time.

 

3.1. THE ASPECT: SIMPLE, PROGRESSIVE, OR PERFECT

Crossing the River of Time, we can extract the grammatical Aspect. We only focus on our core words, BE and HAVE.

 

PICTURE: THE SIMPLE, PROGRESSIVE, AND PERFECT ASPECT PATTERNS

 

3.2. PERSONAL PRONOUNS

We could not learn good grammar without the grammatical person. We can learn the pronouns looking to our core verbs and our psychological sides.

 

3.3. ALL PERSONAL PRONOUNS WITH THREE ASPECTS AND TIME

We can picture the Simple, Progressive, and Perfect with all personal pronouns. We use a COLOR CODE, to encourage our perception of syntax.

 

3.4. PERSONAL PRONOUNS IN PRACTICE

We continue with our mind practice as in SUB-CHAPTER 1.2. We exercise language patterns, choosing if we think about the grammatical time, person, or the Aspect, first or last.

 

CHAPTER 4. THE SIMPLE, PROGRESSIVE, AND PERFECT ON AN ABSTRACT MAP

Human minds have a natural habit to associate time and place. A few words we often use for space ― as ON, IN, and TO ― can help us use the Simple, Progressive, and Perfect Aspects.

 

PICTURE: THE PERFECT ASPECT PATTERN
PICTURE: MAPPING VALUE__TO A PLACE OR TIME

 

4.1. ASPECT MAPPING IN PRACTICE

PICTURE: 3 ASPECT MAPPING VALUES WITH PATTERNS 

Written or spoken texts do not determine our inner language. We can learn to focus on the Aspect though a phrase comes Time first, gather our verb forms from elements, as well as take language tasks “at the drop of the hat”.

 

CHAPTER 5. THE AFFIRMATIVE, NEGATIVE, AND INTERROGATIVE

We use our logical capabilities also when we joke. The meaning of what we say may depend on whether we affirm, deny, or ask a question.

 

PICTURE: LANGUAGE LOGICAL EXTENTS IN COLOR

 

5.1. THE LOGIC SO FAR

We happen to hear or say the FUTURE brings the things that are BEFORE us. We also happen to hear or say that PAST things are BEHIND us. In our minds, we could look FORWARD or BACK to events from where we always are, our PRESENT.

 

This means that simple arrow cues can help us exercise our target grammatical time.

 

5.2. SYNTAX PRACTICE WITH VIRTUAL WORDS

Invented words allow exercise at the level of language form strictly. We can use visuals for some help and fun, while we establish our language habits.

combined-visuals

 

5.3. SYNTAX PRACTICE WITH REAL WORDS

Exercise with real words always comes next to virtual word workout, in our grammar course. Appendixes 2 and 3 in THE EXTRAS can help. We can do searches via the field at the bottom of the page.

Feel welcome to PART TWO and further journey!

EMOTICON: SMILE

 

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