3.1. THE FIELDS AND THE RIVER OF TIME

Whether English is spoken or written, verb forms be and have are the most usual to occur. We can extract patterns for the Simple, Progressive, and Perfect. ■→More

CHAPTER 3. TIME IS LIKE A RIVER

Everyday language has phrases as a flow or passage of time, a course or current of events: we people happen to have such impressions about life and time. Let us imagine a river of time. There are word patterns to show in the river, and there are pods of time to surface with them. We need to use a pattern, for a pod to carry us through. ■→More .

2.1. MORE WORDS IN THE FIELDS

Verbs may change in shape for the PRESENT, PAST, and FUTURE, and not all are regular in this. We exercise verb 1st and 2nd forms in the fields of time. ■→More

CHAPTER 2. THE FUTURE NEEDS THE PRESENT

humans have evolved grammars along with perception for three-dimensional space. There never has been, and there is not at hand really, any fourth dimension, as time. The real time we people live in is always our PRESENT. The verb form "will" can map on the real-time FUTURE already in its PRESENT grammatical form. ■→More

1.2. MIND PRACTICE

It is much easier to make progress in language, if we learn to introspect and consciously give direction to own intellect. We may begin with exercise in awareness of own mind. More→

1.1. FIELDS OF TIME: BASIC PRACTICE

Learning a language always requires thinking, but it does not require difficulty. The simple exercises here are to help work out flexible habits that can contribute to advanced language skill. More→

CHAPTER 1. WE CAN PLAN ON TIME AS IN FIELDS

We cannot touch time. We cannot see or hear time. Clocks can show the time only as we set it, and grammatical time is not the same thing as the hour. How can we learn the grammatical time, then? To an extent, we may think about time together with place. More→

APPENDIX 4. PATTERNS FOR ALL ASPECTS

The Simple, Progressive, Perfect, and Perfect Progressive, in the Affirmative, Interrogative, Negative, and Negative Interrogative, for the Future, Present, and PAST, and for all grammatical persons.

LANGUAGE FORM

We always need to know the language and the context, to see what the language form denotes: a picture of a cat is not a cat. To work on language form and syntax, we can use virtual words. We have two invented verbs, bimmo and thimo, and two invented nouns, phimo and rheemo. We use them only if and when we like. ■→More

COLORS CAN HELP READ AND LEARN

In our language journey, pronouns and nouns are ink blue. Highlights and mapping extents are forget-me-not, blue. We avoid color red, for the prevalent and adverse associations with prescriptive opinion on language. ■→More

BOOK AND GRAMMAR COURSE INFORMATION

BISAC: Education / Bilingual Education; US Library of Congress TX 7-497-087; TX 7-648-439. All rights reserved. The author reserves the right of translation.