10.3. WORKOUT FOR REAL-TIME TALK

We can use Form Relativity with the Progressive and real verbs. We can use stories. “I’d be reading horoscopes”, says Ms. Seges. “That is …?” (Mr. Seges does not believe Ms. Seges would ever read horoscopes.) “This looks like a calligraphic copy of Vespucci’s letters. It was slipping out of our backyard hedge, no covers or front matter.” “Hadn’t it sure taken a lot to make such a book, I’d suspect that Babbitt next door. Bill once wrote me the book I was looking for was as likely to be obtained as a calligraphic of Vespucci’s originals. It was completely a legend, he checked with the Freeman’s.”

10.1. THE UNREAL PAST OR CONDITIONAL: REAL TIME

PICTURE: ABSTRACT TIME

We do not have to view Modal, Conditional, or Unreal Past patterns as separate. With Perfect tenses, our syntactic HAVE helps tell about real time. It has an open real-time frame. With the Unreal Past or Conditional, HAVE tells about hypothetical time. HAVE is not part the real map, then. It comes with an auxiliary compass for relative time.

9.2. THE MODAL TIME FRAME

PICTURE: AN HOURGLASS

We can actually live only in the real-time PRESENT. Our syntactic HAVE does not bring assertion about real time, when we attach it to a Modal and make a hypothesis. We do not need to view it as open-frame real time, then. We can view it as a syntactic anchor and a closed-frame hypothetical time.

CHAPTER 9. TO TELL THE FASHION IN VALUABLE TIME

. . . Let us think about Madame Règle. She has the potential to have lunch at Latimer Sauf’s restaurant every day. He always has a table for his friends and she has enough money. However, her work with Paris haute couture designers often keeps her over the lunchtime. Her coming to lunch is probable, but not certain. CERTAINTY requires both potentiality and probability. Let us think about Monsieur Sauf’s birthday. Madame Règle will come to meet him. It is certain.

8.2. PRACTICE FOR ALL ASPECTS

PICTURE: 4 ASPECT MAPPING VALUES WITH PATTERNS

To practice independent language use, we have only part the cues to put our verbs into the PAST, and then in the PRESENT. We mind Expression and do not give up on a mild sense of humor. “The grain of sand could think about wisdom. What was wisdom? It might be a grain of wit and manhood well resolved, but the grain of sand did not consider going into a drama like that of Samson the Agonist really necessary. Thinking about own format as potentiality by another, it deliberated whether it was, as a grain of sand, a fruit of ability or mere industriousness.”

CHAPTER 8. ALCHEMY OF TIME FOR BEGINNERS

Most grammar resources agree that we have four Aspects in English, the Simple, the Progressive (or Continuous), the Perfect, and the Perfect Progressive (or Perfect Continuous). By the label, we can say the Perfect Progressive should have features of the Perfect and the Progressive. We extracted general patterns for the Simple, Progressive, and Perfect in … Continue reading CHAPTER 8. ALCHEMY OF TIME FOR BEGINNERS

CHAPTER 7. TIME IN THE MIND AND HEART

We may find grammar books to tell about “stative” or “static verbs”. The books give lists of such verbs to remember and not to use with the Progressive. Let us think if we could list all words we might associate with love and hate in the alphabetical order, for example? Listing the words would take a long time, and we can speak, write, and read real-time.

6.5. THE TARGET TIME AND FRAME

We have our time frames for our guidance. Overall, we can choose between the Simple and the Perfect, in the PAST time compass. We are about to think on talking about feelings and minds. Chantelle’s first book tells about a girl’s language of the heart. Art Veltall is thinking about a job change. Contending his mother-in-law yet resembles trying verbally to captivate a moving rock …

6.4. MORE GRAMMAR AND WORD PRACTICE

Grammar exercises can "buy" us some luck at tests and exams — here we have some more of our grammar "good luck boutique", and good American does not have to be grave serious. More→
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6.3. EXERCISES: THE ASPECT AND THE TIME FRAME

PICTURE: CAMILLE PISSARRO, BOULEVARD MONTMARTRE, MORNING, CLOUDY WEATHER

Mind practice for the Aspect and the time frame.
2. The skylark found nothing to outbid the bit of cosmos with a squid.
8. The spotted redshank bachelorette did reset her buret for the bouncing bet. More→
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