CHAPTER 9. TO TELL THE FASHION IN VALUABLE TIME

Modal verbs do not really state on the Time and Aspect. They mediate between the two and behave very different from regular verbs for that. ■→More

8.2. PRACTICE FOR ALL ASPECTS

We do not have language only to talk with people. We use it to read, write, and think as well. It is important that we try to represent feelings and thoughts in language. We may think about time and change. ■→More

8.1. EARTHLING BASIC VARIABLE

Planet Earth has been a human natural habitat for millennia. In thousands of years, people to think what there is {ON} a map, have not denied plausibility for places {IN} areas, routes {TO} places, as well as locations {AT} them. Early childhood learning to talk has been getting along with learning to walk. For all English Aspects and tenses, this is always the first element in the verb pattern to change for the grammatical time, and that as for the variable {ON}. ■→More

7.1. PRACTICE FOR THE HEART AND THE MIND

We learn to decide on own use of the Progressive ING, and the variable {ON}. Our answers do not have to be identical. We people differ in verb use. ■→More

CHAPTER 7. TIME IN THE MIND AND HEART

There are many grammar books to tell about “stative” or “static verbs”; that we should never use them with the Progressive; that phrases as "I am loving you" or "I am hating you" are incorrect. In fact, such phrases do occur also in educated styles, and more, without the brain and mind, the heart is just a muscle. ■→More

6.5. THE TARGET TIME AND FRAME

We use time frames and symbolic cues, to work as in the Mind practice for the difference between the Simple and the Perfect. ■→More

6.4. MORE GRAMMAR AND WORD PRACTICE

4. After some study of a number of ideas on the cosmos, she (picture) the humanity as an odd kind of fish in a series of still larger fish tanks. Early in the series, there (be) N any point to try bringing another fish tank to imagination. It (require) adding more fish tanks. ■→More

6.2. GRAMMAR COGNITIVE GROUND

Madame Règle is not a systematic person at all. The only regularity about her would be a small book she always carries fastened to her bag with a scarf or, actually, a variety of scarves of many colors and textures. The book is not the same book every day, and the choice of the scarf sure depends on some totally unpredictable factor, just as the exact time for lunch, for which you might want to assume the broad time frame of about sixty minutes to commence or not to happen altogether. ■→More

6.1. LINGUISTIC GRAVITATION

We began with clocks and grounds in experience, to tell between the Simple and the Perfect. We people yet happen to speak without a clock, as well as to share novelty. We may resort to thought about a natural earthly phenomenon, namely gravitation. It can help us choose on the time frame for the Simple or Perfect. ■→More

5.2. PRACTICE: SYMBOLIC CUES AND REAL SYNTAX

Symbols can be really helpful, whe we want effective and effortless language habits. Let us combine the Aspect and Time, to exercise symbolic cues. We try only to think about our answers: true learning is in the mind. ■→More

5.1. THE LOGIC SO FAR

We sum up on the grammar logic here so far, and visualize Time along with Aspect as for moving about; hiking, for example. ■→More

CHAPTER 5. LET US MAKE OWN PATHS ABOUT TIME

The Affirmative, Interrogative or Negative may look rare or even strange, if we think about everyday language. Let us reckon on something usual as a strawberry, to work these phrases out. ■→More

4.2. PRACTICE: ASPECT COGNITIVE MAPPING

To think about grammatical time, we do not have to feel bound to fields and land travel, even if only symbolically. We can imagine a bald eagle ON Mount Elbert. He nests IN a valley, flies TO the mountain top, and stays AT the summit, for warm days. The eagle route has four types of reference. ■→More

CHAPTER 4. TIME RAMBLES DIFFERENT WITH DIFFERENT PEOPLE

Human walking or other moving about needs place and time, yet it does not need anybody to describe, give rules or definitions. We can connect the grammatical aspect and basic ways we people orientate in physical space. More→

3.4. PRACTICE FOR THE SHAPE OF TIME

We have a little exercise on Aspect pattern build, before we reckon on Aspect use. To get along at school, we think about grammar labels, that is, if patterns are the Simple, Progressive, Future, Past, or another — the way as in our Mind Practice, 3 minutes to read. ■→More

3.3. THE BIG CHART FOR THREE PERSONS AND PATHS

We put together the Simple, Progressive, and the Perfect, with all personal pronouns and in all three fields of time. ■→More

3.2. THE PERSON ‘YOU’

In a standard, face-to-face conversation, it is naturally easy to tell if we speak with one or more persons. However, the pronoun you has evolved into the same shape for the singular and the plural. The form is also the same as verb object. ■→More

3.1. THE FIELDS AND THE RIVER OF TIME

Whether English is spoken or written, verb forms be and have are the most usual to occur. We can extract patterns for the Simple, Progressive, and Perfect. ■→More

CHAPTER 3. TIME IS LIKE A RIVER

Everyday language has phrases as a flow or passage of time, a course or current of events: we people happen to have such impressions about life and time. Let us imagine a river of time. There are word patterns to show in the river, and there are pods of time to surface with them. We need to use a pattern, for a pod to carry us through. ■→More .

APPENDIX 4. PATTERNS FOR ALL ASPECTS

The Simple, Progressive, Perfect, and Perfect Progressive, in the Affirmative, Interrogative, Negative, and Negative Interrogative, for the Future, Present, and PAST, and for all grammatical persons.