Isolated word form, whether auditory or visual, is not enough to convey language information. We can work our time frames only in context.
There is a use in language we could compare to a natural phenomenon on Earth, namely gravitation. It can help us choose on the time frame and decide between the Perfect or Simple Aspects. More→
Our brains can work with verbal paths as well as visualization. It does not mean we have to stay with the words or visuals, especially forever. These are just to help. Importantly, without knowing where we are about faculties, activities, or states, we could be only repeating formulas after other people.
The Affirmative, Interrogative, Negative, and Negative Interrogative, for the Simple, Progressive, and Perfect Aspects.
Written or spoken texts do not determine our inner language. We can learn to focus on the Aspect, gather our verb forms from elements, as well as take language tasks "at the drop of the hat", when our inner language integrates the essentials.
We recognize Aspect patterns for the Simple, Progressive, and Perfect, from uses for the PRESENT, PAST, and FUTURE. In simple words, we draw conclusions on the River of Time running through the Fields of Time.
We exercise verb 1st and 2nd forms for the grammatical PRESENT, PAST, and FUTURE. In simple words, we learn to put verbs in Fields of Time.
Some verb forms can work as head verbs as well as auxiliaries. Our head verbs can head verb phrases. They tell the activity or faculty. Auxiliaries always require another verb. We can use a simple color code, to tell head verbs from auxiliaries easy.