THE US GREAT SEAL

United States federal authorities have used the Great Seal to authenticate documents since 1782.

 

The obverse of the Seal is the national coat of arms of the United States. The Seal shows the bald eagle holding 13 arrows in its left talon and an olive branch with 13 leaves and 13 olives in its right talon.

 

The arrows symbolize the American preparedness for war. The eagle turns its head to the olive branch, expressing the American propensity for peace.

 

Number 13 as well as the motto, E pluribus unum, “Out of Many, One”, refer to the 13 states to have formed the original Union.

 

The reverse of the Great Seal shows an unfinished pyramid with an eye, and two Latin phrases. The pyramid has 13 layers and the date MDCCLXXVI (1776) in Latin notation.

 

PICTURE: THE REVERSE OF THE GREAT SEAL

 

Year 1776 is the date of the DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. The two Latin phrases are ANNUIT COEPTIS and NOVUS ORDO SECLORUM.

 

The eye has been a symbol for mindfulness and forethought, worldwide. Some interpretations tell the pyramid is to mean or denote might and endurance.

 

The author of the design wrote the pyramid was to signify might and endurance. The Founders did not intend the State to wield absolute power, and the pyramid in the Seal is purposed to remain unfinished:

 

“No man was a warmer wisher for reconciliation than myself, before the fatal nineteenth of April 1775, but the moment the event of that day was made known, I rejected the hardened, sullen tempered Pharaoh of England for ever; and disdain the wretch, that with the pretended title of FATHER OF HIS PEOPLE, can unfeelingly hear of their slaughter, and composedly sleep with their blood upon his soul,”

 

Thomas Paine, COMMON SENSE.

 

Charles Thomson, the secretary of the Continental Congress, never provided a translation of the Latin phrases.
We can interpret the Latin as saying
E pluribus unum
Out of many, one
Annuit coeptis
Favor to the endeavor,
Novus ordo seclorum
A new people come.
READ ABOUT INTERPRETING THE SEAL LATIN

 

PICTURE: THE SEAL OF THE US PRESIDENT

 

The Seal of the United States President derives directly from the obverse of the Great Seal. One-dollar bills have showed the Great Seal since 1935.

 

PICTURE: US ONE DOLLAR, REVERSE

 

The use of arrow symbols in this grammar course does not correspond with the arrows of the Seal. It is to regard human orientative strategies and has no reference to weapons.

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THE AMERICAN BALD EAGLE

IMAGE: WIKIMEDIA COMMONS

The name Haliaeetus leucocephalus, derives from Greek hali “sea”, aiētos “eagle”, leuco “white”, cephalos “head”.

Literally, the name is the white-haded sea eagle.

 

The name “bald eagle” correlates with classic Latin figurative reference for the word leucos, as in literary Latin descriptions of “barren, wintry lands”. Bald eagles do not migrate for winter, and US Alaska has the biggest population of them in the world.

 

We can view images of the white-haded sea eagle over Wikimedia Commons, and read about it in Wikipedia.

 

The bald eagle is a national symbol of the United States of America. The Continental Congress included the bird in the Great Seal in 1782.

 

Not everyone was happy with the choice. Benjamin Franklin wrote in one of his letters,

 

For my own part. I wish the bald eagle had not been chosen the representative of our country. He is a bird of bad moral character. He does not get his living honestly … besides, he is a rank coward: The little king bird not bigger than a sparrow attacks him boldly and drives him out of the district.

 

Bald eagles generally have been termed “opportunistic feeders” (see Wikipedia). The term means they adapt to habitats. Preying on fish is actually easy to the birds, but well, we hardly could expect whaling, not only of these animals.

EMOTICON: A JOKE

If we are curious about American landscapes and habitats, we can go to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration website
www.photolib.noaa.gov.

 

As regards courage, we should not expect bald eagles to fight in extents or areas they do not recognize for own or important. However, it would be dangerous to approach a nest, when the parents are around.

 

Bald eagle nestlings
BALD EAGLE NESTLINGS, PHOTO CREDIT: DAVE MENKE

 

All bald eagles and golden eagles are under the Protection Act. Federal laws forbid damaging, disturbing, possession, or trading of the American eagle. Bald eagles hatch reliant on temperatures. They may hatch in spring or fall, dependent on the geographical area.

 

The American bald eagle symbolizes good language skills, in our grammar course. If we are curious about the species, we can get more American bald eagle information at www.baldeagleinfo.com.

 

We also can support the species financially, with the American Eagle Foundation, www.eagles.org. We can read about the Foundation over Wikipedia: AEF.

 

LINK: READ THIS IN A SLAVIC LANGUAGE, POLISH