Chapter 1. We can plan on time as in fields

We cannot touch time. We cannot see or hear time. Clocks can show the time only as we set it, and grammatical time is not the same thing as the hour. How can we learn the grammatical time, then? To an extent, we may think about time together with place. ■→MORE

1.1. Fields of time: basic practice

Learning a language always requires thinking, but it does not require difficulty. The simple exercises here are to help work out flexible habits that can contribute to advanced language skill. ■→MORE

1.2. Mind practice

It is much easier to make progress in language, if we learn to introspect and consciously give direction to own intellect. We may begin with exercise in awareness of own mind. ■→MORE

Chapter 2. The future needs the present

Humans have evolved grammars along with perception for three-dimensional space. There never has been really at hand any fourth or time independently dimension, to make language. The real time we people live in is always our PRESENT. The verb form “will” can map on the real-time FUTURE already in its PRESENT grammatical shape. ■→MORE

2.1. More words in the fields

Verbs may change in shape for the PRESENT, PAST, and FUTURE, and not all are regular in this. We exercise verb 1st and 2nd forms in the fields of time. ■→MORE

Chapter 3. Time is like a river

Everyday language has phrases as a flow or passage of time, a course or current of events: we people happen to have such impressions about life and time. Let us imagine a river of time. There are word patterns to show in the river, and there are pods of time to surface with them. We need to use a pattern, for a pod to carry us through. ■→MORE

3.1. The fields and the river of time

Whether English is spoken or written, verb forms be and have are the most usual to occur. We can extract patterns for the SIMPLE, PROGRESSIVE, and PERFECT. ■→MORE

3.2. The person ‘you’

In a standard, face-to-face conversation, it is naturally easy to tell if we speak with one or more persons. However, the pronoun you has evolved into the same shape for the singular and the plural. The form is also the same as verb object. ■→MORE

3.3. The big chart for three persons and paths

We put together the SIMPLE, PROGRESSIVE, and the PERFECT, with all personal pronouns and in all three fields of time. ■→MORE

3.4. Practice for the shape of time

We have a little exercise on Aspect pattern build, before we reckon on Aspect use. To get along at school, we think about grammar labels, that is, if patterns are the Simple, Progressive, Future, Past, or another — the way as in our Mind Practice, 3 minutes to read. ■→MORE

Chapter 4. Time rambles different with different people

Human walking or other moving about needs place and time, yet it does not need anybody to describe, give rules or definitions. We can connect the grammatical aspect and basic ways we people orientate in physical space. ■→MORE

4.1. The idea of travel in grammar

We can think about the SIMPLE, PROGRESSIVE, and PERFECT — together, as variables that we choose in real time. It can be good time and in truth, no effort at all. ■→MORE

4.2. Practice: aspect cognitive mapping

To think about grammatical time, we do not have to feel bound to fields and land travel, even if only symbolically. We can imagine a bald eagle ON Mount Elbert. He is nesting IN a valley, has flown TO the mountain top, and has been staying AT the summit, all this warm day. The eagle route has four types of reference. ■→MORE

Chapter 5. Let us make own paths about time

Phrases as the the Affirmative, Interrogative or Negative may look rare or even strange, if we compare everyday language. Let us think about something usual as a strawberry, to work them out. ■→MORE

5.1. The logic so far

We sum up on the grammar logic so far, and visualize Time with Aspect — for efficient language habits with target grammatical time. ■→MORE

5.2. Practice: symbolic cues and real syntax

We combine the Aspect and Time, to exercise target grammatical time. We think the answers: true learning is in the mind. ■→MORE

5.3. Practice: real syntax and more words

Abbreviated verb forms are really much in use in American English. It is important to learn telling them. We first try the exercises in our thoughts, as in the Mind Practice. ■→MORE


Book format in preparation.

In the first part of the language journey, feel welcome to consider a picture for
■ the grammatical Past, Present, and Future;
■ the Simple, Progressive, and Perfect;
■ infinitive, auxiliary, and head verb forms;
■ the Affirmative, Interrogative, Negative, and Negative Interrogative;
■ irregular verbs and vowel patterns: high and low, back and front.
Third edition, 2022.

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