We could hardly talk without the Present, Past, or Future. However, we cannot touch time. We cannot see or hear time. Clocks can show only set values.
The verbs BE, HAVE, and DO can be the core of our grammar skills. We can use them to map grammatical time in language.
In the beginning, we might feel it is really an effort to “discipline” ourselves and consciously direct our thinking. It is essential that we try.
Usually, the form of the verb tells if we refer to the PRESENT, the FUTURE, or the PAST. However, the verb WILL can map on the FUTURE already in its PRESENT form.
Not all verbs are regular. Irregular verbs happen to show speech sound patterns.
mean meant meant
meet met met
read read read
[I:] [Ɛ:] [Ɛ:]
Our core BE, HAVE, DO, and WILL can make patterns for the grammatical PRESENT, PAST, or FUTURE. We view the patterns as in a River of Time.
Crossing the River of Time, we can extract the Aspects.
We could not learn good grammar without the grammatical person. We can learn the pronouns looking to our core verbs and our psychological sides.
We can picture the Simple, Progressive, and Perfect with all personal pronouns. Our picture may look like a chart. We use a color code, to encourage our syntax.
We hold on to our mind practice from Subchapter 1.2 and exercise language patterns, thinking Time, Aspect, or Person, first or last.
Our minds have a natural habit to associate time and place. We can connote a few words we often use for space ― as ON, IN, and TO ― with the Simple, Progressive, and Perfect Aspects.
Written or spoken texts do not determine our inner language. We can learn to focus on the Aspect though a phrase comes Time first, gather our verb forms from elements, as well as take language tasks “at the drop of the hat”.
We happen to hear or say the FUTURE brings the things that are BEFORE us. We also happen to hear or say that PAST things are BEHIND us. In our minds, we could look FORWARD or BACK to events from where we always are, our PRESENT.
We can join this thinking in arrow cues, to exercise.
In a virtual dimension, as a computer game, practice with virtual words might be as a bridge to language skill. Invented words allow exercise at the level of language form strictly. We also can use visuals for some help and fun, while we establish our language habits.
We follow standard American English, in our real verb practice. Exercise with real words always comes next to virtual word workout, in our grammar course. Appendixes 2 and 3 in the Extras can help do the exercises.
Feel welcome to the Paths for Part Two and further journey!