10.3. WORKOUT FOR REAL-TIME TALK

Exercise 60. We do the exercise in our thoughts, as in the ■→MIND PRACTICE. The arrow cues show the target grammatical time. We regard our linguistic Form Relativity.

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Example: The good way was that if you learned, you knew.
There is no linguistic relativity here. The target grammatical time is the FUTURE.

Answer: If you WILL learn, you WILL know.

1. If you learn, you know.

SYMBOLICS: PAST SIMPLE, ARROW

2. If you WERE ABLE TO learn, you WERE ABLE TO know.

SYMBOLICS: PRESENT SIMPLE, ARROW

3. If you learned, you WOULD know.

SYMBOLICS: PAST SIMPLE, ARROW

4. If you HAD learned, you WOULD have known.

SYMBOLICS: FUTURE SIMPLE, ARROW

5. If you learn, you WILL know.

SYMBOLICS: PAST SIMPLE, ARROW

6. If you learned, you WOULD know.

SYMBOLICS: FUTURE SIMPLE, ARROW

7. If you HAD learned, you WOULD have known.

SYMBOLICS: PRESENT SIMPLE, ARROW

8. If you learn, you WILL know.

SYMBOLICS: PRESENT SIMPLE, ARROW

Exercise 61. Let us try “jumping” time extents, as in ■→EXERCISE 55. We provide the arrow cues for the target grammatical time. Our “jumping” symbols are:

“One time extent forward”;

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT FORWARD

“One time extent backward”.

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT BACKWARD

We can present the flow of time as on a symbolic line.

SYMBOLICS, LINEAR FLOW OF TIME

We can place the question mark, for the Interrogative Expression.

Example: If you learned {?}, you knew.

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT FORWARD

Answer: DO you learn, if you know?

SYMBOLICS: PRESENT SIMPLE, ARROW

Example: If you learned, you knew {?}

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT FORWARD

Answer: If you learn, DO you know?

SYMBOLICS: PRESENT SIMPLE, ARROW

We can place the letter N for our Negative Expression.

Example: If you learned {N}, you knew.

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT FORWARD

Answer: If you DON’T learn, you know.

SYMBOLICS: PRESENT SIMPLE, ARROW

Example: If you learned {N}, you knew {N}.

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT FORWARD

Answer: If you DON’T learn, you DON’T know.

SYMBOLICS: PRESENT SIMPLE, ARROW

Example: If you learned, you knew {N}.

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT FORWARD

Answer: If you learn, you DON’T know.

SYMBOLICS: PRESENT SIMPLE, ARROW

THE TASK

1. If you learned, you knew {?}

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT BACKWARD

2. If you learn {N}, you know.

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT FORWARD

3. If you learned, you WOULD know {?}

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT FORWARD

4. If you HAD learned, you WOULD HAVE known {N}.

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT FORWARD

5. If you learn, you WILL know {N}.

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT BACKWARD

6. If you learned, you WOULD know {N}.

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT BACKWARD

7. If you HAD learned, you WOULD HAVE known {?}

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT FORWARD

8. If you learn, you WILL know {?}

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT BACKWARD

9. If you learned {N}, you WOULD know.

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT BACKWARD

10. If you HAD learned {N}, you WOULD HAVE known {?}

SYMBOLICS, ONE EXTENT FORWARD

Exercise 62. We can be back with someone we met in ■→EXERCISE 37. Now we may consider real-time and Modal time frames. We can think about time frames also when the story is fictional.

It is weekend, late morning. Mr. Seges ― he never appeared in our grammar story before ― returns from a literary meeting.

Example: Ms. Seges is home, in her study. Though she had worked most of the night on her new book, she would be analyzing some old papers, now.

Answer: Ms. Seges is home.

PICTURE: REAL-TIME CLOSED FRAME

Though she had worked most of the night on her new book,

PICTURE: REAL-TIME OPEN FRAME

she would be analyzing some old papers, now.

SYMBOLICS: FEATURE IN
PICTURE: REAL-TIME CLOSED FRAME

We can view Modal structures as modified real-time phrases (■→SUB-CHAPTER 10.1).
Here, the phrase is not about a theory; Ms. Seges is in her study, analyzing some old papers.

Let us compare theory:
There is something very interesting about the old papers.
Otherwise, she would be sleeping.

SYMBOLICS: FEATURE IN
SYMBOLICS: RELATIVE TIME OPEN FRAME

TASK

1. MR. SEGES: Honey, I’m back. What are you doing?

2. MS. SEGES: I’d be reading horoscopes.
(Ms. Seges never reads horoscopes.)

3. That is…?
(Mr. Seges does not believe she would ever read horoscopes.)

4. This looks like a calligraphic copy of Vespucci’s letters. It was slipping out of our backyard hedge, no covers or front matter.

5. Hadn’t it sure taken a lot to make such a book, I’d suspect that Babbitt next door.

6. You remember, Bill wrote the book I was looking for was as likely to be obtained as a calligraphic of Vespucci’s originals. 7. And it was the title that Babbitt gave me. It was completely a fairy-tale, Bill even checked with the Freeman’s.

8. About legends, my favorite Chicago blend is…

9. Honey, I would have remembered about the coffee; but I was so preoccupied…

10. I’m putting that with my records. The coffee continues to exist somewhere in Chicago.

FROM THE KEY:
Let us remember about text rich interpretation, as in ■→EXERCISE 55. Babbitt is a character by Sinclair Lewis, an American writer. The Freeman’s is a famous auction house to specialize also in books.

Amerigo Vespucci described his voyages in letters to Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de Medici. Calligraphic copies were still quite a habit for most important documents, in Vespucci’s times.

Skimming can encourage effective learning; feel welcome to have a peek into ■→EXERCISE 64, before doing this one.

Exercise 63. Let us focus on Form Relativity with the Progressive. We remember about the earthling proper egoism (please compare ■→SUBCHAPTER 8.1).

We have the value {IN} next to the verb to go with the Progressive. However, we can stay {ON} our cognitive grounds for qualities, hearts and minds (■→CHAPTER 7).

Example: {PAST}, he, N 1. (be) extremely busy, 2. (remember) {IN} to bring that brand coffee.

Answer: If he had not been extremely busy, he would have remembered to bring that brand coffee.

Our symbolics:
A CLOSED MODAL FRAME, AND GRAMMATICAL TARGET PAST.

SYMBOLICS: CLOSED MODAL FRAME -- GRAMMATICAL TARGET PAST

Please think if to use FORM RELATIVITY in example 2. A non-relative form will show a number of activities different from the relative. We can use Modals other than WILL, too.

THE TASK

1. {PRESENT}, she, N read {IN} the calligraphic, she, sleep {IN}.
(She worked on her new book all night.)

2. {PAST}, he, N write {IN}, he, read or talk {IN}.
(The colloquium was very engaging.)

3. {PAST}, he, N hear {IN} from Bill then, {PRESENT}, he, write {IN} him a letter now.

4. {PRESENT}, it, N be {IN} such a good quality, she, think it a mere prank.

5. {FUTURE}, it, N sustain {IN} the quality throughout, it, compare {IN} with the Bodleian Horace and Francis Crease talent.

6. {FUTURE}, they, look in the library, they, get the Medici print.
(Someone most probably made it from the Medici print.)

7. {PRESENT}, it, N be so conscientious, he, throw it in that Babbitt’s garden next door.

8. {FUTURE}, it, prove necessary, she, have it carbon dated.

9. {PRESENT}, it, be as good as it looks, it, M be of worth even as just a calligraphic.

10. {PAST} it, N deprive of the front matter, {PRESENT}, it, be {IN} easier to find out who made it.

Feel welcome to some more exercise. We are gradually getting independent of cues. Real-time, we people speak without them.
■→10.4. MORE WORKOUT FOR REAL-TIME TALK