5.2. Practice: invented words and real syntax

Exercise 22. In a virtual dimension, as in a computer game, practice on invented words and spatio-temporal cues might be as a bridge to language skill. Let us combine Aspect and Time, to exercise our logical arrows.

 

Example: generally {ON} the map in the PAST,
{ON} a PAST time extent
Answer:
SIMPLE PAST arrow

ON PAST

1. IN a spot within the FUTURE time extent

 

2. TO a time within the PAST time extent

 

3. ON the PRESENT time extent

 

4. TO a time within the FUTURE time extent

 

5. TO a time within the PRESENT time extent

 

6. ON the FUTURE time extent

 

7. IN a spot in the PAST time extent

 

8. IN a spot in the PRESENT time extent

 

Exercise 23. Let us try to make arrow cues from elements, similarly to exercise 18 (Subchapter 4.1).

 

Example: {TO}, 3RD, the PRESENT
Answer:
PRESENT PERFECT ARROW big

1. IN, ING, PAST

 

2. TO, 3RD, PAST

 

3. ON, FUTURE

 

4. IN, ING, PRESENT

 

5. ON, PAST

 

6. TO, 3RD, PRESENT

 

7. ON, PAST

 

8. IN, ING, FUTURE

 

Exercise 24. Let us try our language natures another way round. We begin with our arrow cue.

Example:
PAST PROGRESSIVE ARROW
Answer: be, ING, in the PAST

 

Exercise 24__Task

Exercise 25. We can use our virtual bimo and phimo, along with examples from the previous exercise. Integrating patterns of language can be a clever thought.

 

Example:
PAST PROGRESSIVE ARROW
Answer: Phimo was bimoing.

 

river-of-time__arrow-cues__3-aspects

 

dream-learning

Please remember that we do not have to take all exercises in one go. Especially if we are practicing for a test or exam, we always have some rest. We are not practicing behaviorist reflexes. We are developing flexible habits. We need our thinking for that.

 

Exercise 26. Let us now try our bimo and phimo with arrows marked for Expression. We can mark negative questions as ? N.

 

We cannot really affirm or negate on things that do not exist. Our virtual words may be the closest to non-existent words. Here, we can practice the syntax for questions and negatives at the level of form solely: as in school, only with shortcuts.

 

Part Two has more inspiration with Aristotle. Inspiration does not mean we repeat after Aristotle. We exercise thinking, referring to his work. See book information.

Example 1:
exercise-26__example-1-graphics
Answer: Will phimo not have bimoed?

 

Example 2:
FUTURE PERFECT ARROW
Answer: Phimo will have bimoed.

 

Exercise 26__Task

 

Exercise 27. Let us try our language logic for Expression, within our PAST time extent only.

 

exercise-27__past-extent-only__illustration

exercise-27__past-progressive-interrogative-illustration

Example:
exercise-27__example-visuals
Answer: Was phimo bimoing?

 

exercise-27__task__

 

Exercise 28. Another way round, let us draw arrows marked for Expression and Aspect. Let us remember about our language mapping.

 

Example: Had phimo bimoed?
Answer:
exercise-28__answer

to__past

 

We find abbreviated forms such as doesn’t, hadn’t, and won’t, in everyday language. Let us practice them, too. We think about the full form, in our answers. Please remember the mind practice, in Subchapter 1.2. There are sample answers down the page.

 

1. Phimo doesn’t bimo.

 

2. Phimo hadn’t bimoed.

 

3. Is phimo bimoing?

 

4. Hasn’t phimo bimoed?

 

5. Phimo didn’t bimo.

 

6. Will phimo have bimoed?

 

7. Will phimo bimo?

 

8. Was phimo bimoing?

 

9. Phimo won’t have bimoed.

 

10. Will phimo be bimoing?

 

Please remember, the arrows have no reference to weapons. They are the symbols people widely use to mark or show the way.

 

Feel welcome to further exercise, with real words.

 

5-3-real-verbs__and__real-syntax

 

Feel also welcome to sample answers, for exercise 28.
We can make models, at best from foam or soft fabric, as plush, to combine our visuals.

 

exercise-28__sample-visualization__task-1

1. Phimo does not bimo.

exercise-28__sample-answer-1

 

exercise-28__sample-visualization__task-2

2. Phimo had not bimoed.

exercise-28__sample-answer-2

 

3. Is phimo bimoing?

exercise-28__sample-answer-3

Have fun(!)

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