5.1. The logic so far

Especially if we are beginners, we may have a tendency to memorize. Grammar might become comparable to deep woods then. However, human brains naturally have some logic, and we can use ours. Nobody can merely memorize language, anyway.

 

So far, we have recognized a few language capacities. We have marked them in colors, in Chapter 5.

 

The grammatical Aspect (character of activity of faculty): Simple, value {ON}, Progressive, value {IN}, or Perfect, value {TO}. We can recur to Chapter 4.

 

__ESSENCE 3 VALUE with patterns

 

CHARACTER VALUES

 

Grammatical Time: Present, Past, or Future.

 

TIME REFERENCE EXTENT

 

Expression: the Affirmative, Negative, Interrogative, or Negative Interrogative.

 

EXPRESSION

 

Naturally, everyone is welcome to choose own colors. The colors here can form part a custom palette. We can join language arts with other arts. We can create colors, give them custom names, think about language, and practice painting, play or listen to music (!)

PART THE PALETTE

 

Language logic can come easy, with practice. Importantly, we can present our combined logic with simple arrows.

 

We happen to say the FUTURE brings the things that are BEFORE us. We also happen to say that PAST things are BEHIND us. We could look forward or back to events from where we always are, our PRESENT.

 

The Simple Aspect can work without an auxiliary. We can represent it with a plain arrow.

 

_VALUE ON 

 

We have represented the Progressive character with a dot. We have pictured it as being in a spot, a place in a map.

 

_VALUE IN

 

The Perfect character has showed our way to a place or time. We can represent it with an arrow or spearhead added to our simple dart.

 

_VALUE TO

 

Let us try to see our logic as in a chart.

 

3aspects-arrow-chart

 

Please mind that our arrows are not shooting arrows. They are just to help find own way with grammar forms. If we make models to play, we make big models of soft material, as plush, especially if there should be little children around.

 

We can mark our arrows for Expression. The affirmative can remain unmarked.

 

FEATURE ARROWS__THE AFFIRMATIVE

 

Naturally, the question mark can do for questions.

 

FEATURE ARROWS__THE INTERROGATIVE

 

The letter N can mark denial.

 

FEATURE ARROWS__THE NEGATIVE

 

We can envision our grammar journey as traveling in an abstract dimension. However, we can think about the Cartesian coordinates, just as in our natural, three-dimensional realities.

We have three verb forms to help us get along. Logic requires learning, but it gives flexibility. Feel welcome to the practice.

5-2-syntax-and-invented-words

 

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