Chapter 1. We can plan on time as in fields

Our earthly space is three-dimensional. Language grammar belongs with the estimable lengths, heights, and widths, along with the human need for water, air, good clothing and roofing. Grammar is a basic human need. It is healthy to have a good business with grammar.

 Cartesian

Language has much reference to time. We could hardly talk without the Present, Past, or Future. However, we cannot touch time. We cannot see or hear time. Clocks can show only set values.

 

Abstract time

 

How do we learn time, then? To an extent, we might think about time together with place.

 

We may not need theories on time and dimensions, to learn good language. We can reason on the human experience we know as language use. How can we use a word as before? Could we say “before that turn”, and “before ten”, 10:00 hours?

 

Before the place

 

Before a time

 

“Before the turn” says “before the place”.

“Before ten” says “before the time”.

 

We can use the word before for place as well as time. In all natural languages, human minds have a flexible habit to connect time and place. We can elaborate on this thinking for grammar.

 

We can imagine three places. We can name the places TODAY, YESTERDAY, and TOMORROW.

 

Could there be a town named Tomorrow?

 

Tomorrow road sign

This could be our Tomorrow town.

 

 

Could there be an estate named Yesterday?

 

Bodie - tomorrow

Well, this could be our Yesterday.

(Bodie is a ghost town in a history park in California, USA.)

 

Such place names would be unusual, but possible.

 

We can think about three fields. We name them the PAST, PRESENT, and FUTURE. We can have them for our Fields of Time.

 

Not only with grammar, our perspectives depend on our knowledge. We could say that our knowledge is the light we have. Knowledge needs memory. PAST things happen to go into oblivion, as the learning matter we do not review or work with. We can envision the light as with a setting sun: there is shine enough, if we want to return to the matter.

 

PAST field

 

We do not have memories of the FUTURE, but we can plan our learning. Our shine can be as with sunrise.

 

__FUTURE field

 

It is our PRESENT we have the most potential to shape. The sun is high, and daylight broad.

 

__PRESENT field

 

Let us picture be, grammatically a very important word, in the Field we name the PRESENT.

__be-in-the-present 

Let us envision the verb to be in the other Fields of Time.

 __be-in-the-future-and-past

 

This is how the verb to be can look in all our Fields.

 

__be-in-3-fields

 

We also can feature the words to have and to do in our Fields.

 

__have-in-the-present-past-and-future

 

This is how the verb to have alone could look in our Fields of Time.

 

__have-in-3-fields

 

This is how the verb to do could look in the Fields of Time.

 

__do-in-the-present-past-and-future

__do-in-3-fields

 

What do we do, to feature words in our Fields of Time? We put together our thought about the grammatical time and person, to build our wording. We make up own minds and choose the features.

 

For a start, we can think about s as the feature for the pronouns he, she, and it.

 

he-she-it

 

Pronouns are words that can stand for grammatical persons. The words I, you, we, they, he, she, and it are personal pronouns. The persons are “grammatical”, as they can stand for live beings as well as things, events, or other objects of thought. They do not have to be real people. They can refer to fictional characters or objects.

 

Junior

 

We can say that he is someone, he has something, or he does something. Similarly, we can say that she is someone, she has something, or she does something.

 

Jemma smile

 

The feature “s” holds only for the singular that is, single persons, creatures, things, events, or phenomena.

 

How important are our three words, be, have, and do? They can be our core grammar words that map grammatical time in language.

 

When fashioning words with features becomes our habit and nature, we get more real time to think what we want to say. We do not need much time to think how to speak or write.

 

W can learn to direct our language skills independently and consciously. Feel welcome to try 1.1. Fields of Time, basic practice.

Link 1.1. Fields of Time, basic practice

Link -- Read this in a Slavic language, Polish

 

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