4.1. THE IDEA OF TRAVEL IN GRAMMAR

PL

Language is not a fixed reality and we cannot expect a rule of grammar for every occasion. In reality, is is more like we intellectually move about thought and ideas, with our language skill. Let us think how we have traveled in grammar so far. We can use the Present Perfect. The pattern is “have traveled”.

VISUALIZATION, HAVE TRAVELED

To review what we have done TO this point in our travel, we yet do not have to use the Present Perfect all the time. We can say we made our passage with the Pods of Time and traversed the River of Time. We could see ourselves as on a map. We pictured ourselves in an area, and we held in view our way to a place.

We may think about all those as about localities at which we were on our way. We can use the Past Simple: “made”, “traversed”, “saw”, “pictured”, “held”, and “were”.

It is when we want to mark activity as relative to the PRESENT that we use the Present Perfect. Otherwise, we can just stay {ON} our cognitive maps.

PICTURE: ON OUR WAY

For Chapter 4, we can say we have connected the Fields of Time and cognitive mapping.

In Chapter 5, we might say we connected the Fields and mapping in Chapter 4.

On Chapter 1, we could say, “in Chapter 4, we’ll connect the Fields of Time and cognitive mapping”.

In Chapter 10, we might say we have connected the Fields and mapping, if we want to keep in view the beginning of the grammar work.

This is why the grammar course is a “travel in grammar”: the place we are in our narrative may influence the grammatical form for speaking about the content.

Our follow up is to help learn independently to decide, how we view our reality and express this view.

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We can visualize the Simple, Progressive, and Perfect together, as variables for the PAST, PRESENT, and FUTURE.

VISUALIZATION, 3 VARIABLES

Exercising the Aspects, we do not have to limit our language skills to a prospect for moving on land solely. Bald eagles happen to sojourn in woods deep as natural language grammars.
Joke emoticon

American eagles can fly very high. The bald eagle is a national symbol of the United States of America. Feel welcome to Read about the American eagle.

To become high-fliers, we must learn independently to determine our extent and ground in language. Language may influence thinking, but there cannot be grammar or other rule good to regulate human thought. Our way with language and speech cannot be as in the picture below.

PICTURE: NOT THE WAY THROUGH THE RIVER OF TIME

Feel welcome to the exercises (!)
4.2. EXERCISES: LANGUAGE MAP PRACTICE.

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