1.1. FIELDS OF TIME: BASIC PRACTICE

PL

There are no inborn language styles, and there are no inborn grammar books. Learning a language always requires thinking, but it does not require difficulty. The simple exercises here are to help work out flexible habits for language.

Exercise 1. Let us try to shape the verbs to be, to have, and to do, for the PRESENT, PAST, and FUTURE, with the grammatical person, as in chapter 1.

In simple words, let us put the verbs in the Fields of Time.

With the pronouns I, you, he, she, and it, we may speak about individual objects or persons. We name this the singular, in grammar. If we already know the forms well, we can take the exercise as a mild brainteaser: we consciously practice the Field (grammatical time) first.

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Example: PRESENT, (be), she
Answer: is

1. PRESENT, (do), I
2. FUTURE, (do), you
3. PAST, (have), I
4. PRESENT, (be), he
5. PAST, (be), you
6. FUTURE, (have), she
7. PAST, (have), it
8. PRESENT, (be), you
9. FUTURE, (do), he
10. PAST, (have), you

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Exercise 2. In this exercise, we use the persons we, you, and they, too. This means we speak about more than one object or person. In grammar, we name this the plural. We can use the pronoun you for the singular and the plural, compare subchapter 3.2.

We may think about real people ― our acquaintances, friends as well as foes ― to do this exercise.
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1. PAST, (do), they
2. PRESENT, (do), I
3. PRESENT, (have), he
4. FUTURE, (be), it
5. FUTURE, (be), we
6. PRESENT, (have), you
7. FUTURE, (have), we
8. PRESENT, (be), she
9. PAST, (do), they
10. FUTURE, (have), you

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Exercise 3. We tell the grammatical time (the PRESENT, PAST, or FUTURE) and the person, for the verbs below. We can note “all persons”, where the form stays the same for all of them. We continue focusing on time first: we can hold on to the Fields of Time.

Example: do
Answer: PRESENT, I, you, we, they

1. are; 2. will do; 3. did; 4. will have; 5. has; 6. am; 7. does; 8. had; 9. were; 10. have; 11. will be; 12. was.

Grammar practice is never only pen and paper. It is also about a way to think. Feel welcome to the Mind practice.

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